Ever since the observation of peculiar overluminous Type Ia supernovae (SNeIa), exploring possible violations of the canonical Chandrasekhar mass limit (CML) has become a pressing research area of modern astrophysics. Since its first detection in 2003, more than a dozen of peculiar overluminous SNeIa has been detected, but the true nature of the underlying progenitors is still under dispute. Furthermore there are also underluminous SNeIa whose progenitor masses appear to be well below the CML (sub-Chandrasekhar progenitors). These observations call into question how sacrosanct the CML is. We have shown recently in Paper I that the presence of a strong magnetic field, the anisotropy of dense matter, as well as the orientation of the magnetic field itself significantly influence the properties of neutron and quark stars. Here, we study these effects for white dwarfs (WDs), showing that their properties are also severely impacted. Most importantly, we arrive at a variety of mass–radius relations of WDs that accommodate sub- to super-Chandrasekhar mass limits. This urges caution when using WDs associated with SNeIa as standard candles.
The Golden Era of Neutron Stars: From Hadrons to Quarks
Neutron stars were first posited in the early thirties and discovered as pulsars in late sixties; however, only recently are we beginning to understand the matter they contain. This talk describes the continuing development of a consistent picture of the liquid interiors of neutron stars, driven by four advances: observations of heavy neutron stars with masses in the range of two solar masses; inferences of masses and radii simultaneously for an increasing number of neutron stars in low mass X-ray binaries, and ongoing determinations via the NICER observatory; the observation of the binary neutron star merger, GW170817, through gravitational waves as well as across the electromagnetic spectrum; and an emerging understanding in QCD of how nuclear matter can turn into deconfined quark matter in the interior. We describe the modern quark-hadron crossover equation of state, QHC18 and now QHC19, and the corresponding neutron stars, which agree well with current observations.
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- Proc. 8th Int. Conf. Quarks and Nuclear Physics (QNP2018)
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- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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