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Title: Multiple intertwined pairing states and temperature-sensitive gap anisotropy for superconductivity at a nematic quantum-critical point
Abstract

The proximity of many strongly correlated superconductors to density-wave or nematic order has led to an extensive search for fingerprints of pairing mediated by dynamical quantum-critical (QC) fluctuations of the corresponding order parameter. Here we study anisotropics-wave superconductivity induced by anisotropic QC dynamical nematic fluctuations. We solve the non-linear gap equation for the pairing gap$$\Delta (\theta ,{\omega }_{m})$$Δ(θ,ωm)and show that its angular dependence strongly varies below$${T}_{{\rm{c}}}$$Tc. We show that this variation is a signature of QC pairing and comes about because there are multiples-wave pairing instabilities with closely spaced transition temperatures$${T}_{{\rm{c}},n}$$Tc,n. Taken alone, each instability would produce a gap$$\Delta (\theta ,{\omega }_{m})$$Δ(θ,ωm)that changes sign$$8n$$8ntimes along the Fermi surface. We show that the equilibrium gap$$\Delta (\theta ,{\omega }_{m})$$Δ(θ,ωm)is a superposition of multiple components that are nonlinearly induced below the actual$${T}_{{\rm{c}}}={T}_{{\rm{c}},0}$$Tc=Tc,0, and get resonantly enhanced at$$T={T}_{{\rm{c}},n}\ <\ {T}_{{\rm{c}}}$$T=Tc,n<Tc. This gives rise to strong temperature variation of the angular dependence of$$\Delta (\theta ,{\omega }_{m})$$Δ(θ,ωm). This variation progressively disappears away from a QC point.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10154251
Journal Name:
npj Quantum Materials
Volume:
4
Issue:
1
ISSN:
2397-4648
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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