This paper presents MONET -- an end-to-end semi-supervised learning framework for a keypoint detector using multiview image streams. In particular, we consider general subjects such as non-human species where attaining a large scale annotated dataset is challenging. While multiview geometry can be used to self-supervise the unlabeled data, integrating the geometry into learning a keypoint detector is challenging due to representation mismatch. We address this mismatch by formulating a new differentiable representation of the epipolar constraint called epipolar divergence---a generalized distance from the epipolar lines to the corresponding keypoint distribution. Epipolar divergence characterizes when two view keypoint distributions produce zero reprojection error. We design a twin network that minimizes the epipolar divergence through stereo rectification that can significantly alleviate computational complexity and sampling aliasing in training. We demonstrate that our framework can localize customized keypoints of diverse species, e.g., humans, dogs, and monkeys.
Multiview Supervision By Registration
This paper presents a semi-supervised learning framework to train a keypoint detector using multiview image streams given the limited number of labeled instances (typically <4%). We leverage three self-supervisionary signals in multiview tracking to utilize the unlabeled data: (1) a keypoint in one view can be supervised by other views via epipolar geometry; (2) a keypoint detection must be consistent across time; (3) a visible keypoint in one view is likely to be visible in the adjacent view. We design a new end-toend network that can propagate these self-supervisionary signals across the unlabeled data from the labeled data in a differentiable manner. We show that our approach outperforms existing detectors including DeepLabCut tailored to the keypoint detection of non-human species such as monkeys, dogs, and mice.
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- IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision
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- National Science Foundation
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