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Title: Properties of bulk scandium nitride crystals grown by physical vapor transport
In this study, the growth of scandium nitride (100) single crystals with high electron mobility and high thermal conductivity was demonstrated by physical vapor transport (PVT). Single crystals were grown in the temperature range of 1900 C–2140 C under a nitrogen pressure between 15 and 20 Torr. Single crystal tungsten (100) was used as a nearly lattice constant matched seed crystal. Growth for 20 days resulted in a 2mm thick crystal. Hall-effect measurements revealed that the layers were n-type with a 300 K electron concentration and a mobility of 2.17 x 1021 cm-3 and 73 cm2/V s, respectively. Consequently, this ScN crystal had a low electrical resistivity, 3.94 x 10- 5 Xcm. The thermal conductivity was in the range of 51–56W/mK, three times higher than those in previous reports for ScN thin films. This study demonstrates the viability of the PVT crystal growth method for producing high quality bulk scandium nitride single crystals.
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Applied physics letters
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National Science Foundation
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