skip to main content

Title: Bayesian Iterative Channel Estimation and Turbo Equalization for Multiple-Input–Multiple-Output Underwater Acoustic Communications
This article investigates a robust receiver scheme for a single carrier, multiple-input–multiple-output (MIMO) underwater acoustic (UWA) communications, which uses the sparse Bayesian learning algorithm for iterative channel estimation embedded in Turbo equalization (TEQ). We derive a block-wise sparse Bayesian learning framework modeling the spatial correlation of the MIMO UWA channels, where a more robust expectation–maximization algorithm is proposed for updating the joint estimates of channel impulse response, residual noise, and channel covariance matrix. By exploiting the spatially correlated sparsity of MIMO UWA channels and the second-order a priori channel statistics from the training sequence, the proposed Bayesian channel estimator enjoys not only relatively low complexity but also more stable control of the hyperparameters that determine the channel sparsity and recovery accuracy. Moreover, this article proposes a low complexity space-time soft decision feedback equalizer (ST-SDFE) with successive soft interference cancellation. Evaluated by the undersea 2008 Surface Processes and Acoustic Communications Experiment, the improved sparse Bayesian learning channel estimation algorithm outperforms the conventional Bayesian algorithms in terms of the robustness and complexity, while enjoying better estimation accuracy than the orthogonal matching pursuit and the improved proportionate normalized least mean squares algorithms. We have also verified that the proposed ST-SDFE TEQ significantly outperforms more » the low-complexity minimum mean square error TEQ in terms of the bit error rate and error propagation. « less
Authors:
; ;
Award ID(s):
1853258
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10170645
Journal Name:
IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
1 to 12
ISSN:
0364-9059
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Initial access at millimeter wave frequencies is a challenging problem due to hardware non-idealities and low SNR measurements prior to beamforming. Prior work has exploited the observation that mmWave MIMO channels are sparse in the spatial angle domain and has used compressed sensing based algorithms for channel estimation. Most of them, however, ignore hardware impairments like carrier frequency offset and phase noise, and fail to perform well when such impairments are considered. In this paper, we develop a compressive channel estimation algorithm for narrowband mmWave systems, which is robust to such non idealities. We address this problem by constructing a tensor that models both the mmWave channel and CFO, and estimate the tensor while still exploiting the sparsity of the mmWave channel. Simulation results show that under the same settings, our method performs better than comparable algorithms that are robust to phase errors.
  2. This paper proposes a post-experimental field data reuse method to test the single carrier modulation (SCM) and orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signals interchangeably for multiple access underwater acoustic (UWA) communications. We call this approach the cross evaluation that transforms a set of SCM or OFDM post-experimental field data to their corresponding OFDM or SCM scheme under test (SUT) via linear matrix operation such as fast Fourier transform (FFT) and its inverse (IFFT). At the receiver side, we derived a general framework of turbo equalization (TEQ) that alters the two physical layer schemes but keeps the passband transmitted and received data unchanged. Inherently, some efficient techniques such as pre-cursor and post-cursor interference cancellation (IC), and overlap adding (OLA) operations enhance the equivalence of input and output (I/O) system model between the SCM and OFDM. The proposed approach will bring the gap between the SCM and OFDM, and evaluate the two physical layer schemes under similar or tougher test conditions. The experimental results of the undersea 2008 Surface Processes and Acoustic Communications Experiment (SPACE08) have verified the feasibility of the cross evaluation approach in terms of the BER benchmark.
  3. The underwater acoustic (UWA) channel is a complex and stochastic process with large spatial and temporal dynamics. This work studies the adaptation of the communication strategy to the channel dynamics. Specifically, a set of communication strategies are considered, including frequency shift keying (FSK), single-carrier communication, and multicarrier communication. Based on the channel condition, a reinforcement learning (RL) algorithm, the Depth Determined Strategy Gradient (DDPG) method along with a Gumbel-softmax scheme is employed for intelligent and adaptive switching among those communication strategies. The adaptive switching is performed on a transmission block-by-block basis, with the goal of maximizing a long-term system performance. The reward function is defined based on the energy efficiency and the spectral efficiency of the communication strategies. Simulation results reveal that the proposed method outperforms a random selection method in time-varying channels.
  4. The large spectrum available in the millimeter- Wave (mmWave) band has emerged as a promising solution for meeting the huge capacity requirements of the 5th generation (5G) wireless networks. However, to fully harness the potential of mmWave communications, obstacles such as severe path loss, channel sparsity and hardware complexity should be overcome. In this paper, we introduce a generalized reconfigurable antenna multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) architecture that takes advantage of lens-based reconfigurable antennas. The considered antennas can support multiple radiation patterns simultaneously by using a single RF chain. The degrees of freedom provided by the reconfigurable antennas are used to, first, combat channel sparsity in MIMO mmWave systems. Further, to suppress high path loss and shadowing at mmWave frequencies, we use a rate- one space-time block code. Our analysis and simulations show that the proposed reconfigurable MIMO architecture achieves full-diversity gain by using linear receivers and without requiring channel state information at the transmitter. Moreover, simulations show that the proposed architecture outperforms traditional MIMO transmission schemes in mmWave channel settings.
  5. The large spectrum available in the millimeter- Wave (mmWave) band has emerged as a promising solution for meeting the huge capacity requirements of the 5th generation (5G) wireless networks. However, to fully harness the potential of mmWave communications, obstacles such as severe path loss, channel sparsity and hardware complexity should be overcome. In this paper, we introduce a generalized reconfigurable antenna multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) architecture that takes advantage of lens-based reconfigurable antennas. The considered antennas can support multiple radiation patterns simultaneously by using a single RF chain. The degrees of freedom provided by the reconfigurable antennas are used to, first, combat channel sparsity in MIMO mmWave systems. Further, to suppress high path loss and shadowing at mmWave frequencies, we use a rate one space-time block code. Our analysis and simulations show that the proposed reconfigurable MIMO architecture achieves full-diversity gain by using linear receivers and without requiring channel state information at the transmitter. Moreover, simulations show that the proposed architecture outperforms traditional MIMO transmission schemes in mmWave channel settings.