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Title: Multiuser Massive Mimo Downlink Precoding Using Second-Order Spatial Sigma-Delta Modulation
Massive MIMO using low-resolution digital-to-analog converters (DACs) at the base station (BS) is an attractive downlink approach for reducing hardware overhead and for reducing power consumption, but managing the large quantization noise effect is a challenge. Spatial Sigma-Delta modulation is a recently emerged technique for tackling the aforementioned effect. Assuming a uniform linear array at the BS, it works by shaping the quantization noise as high spatial-frequency, or angle, noise. By restricting the user-serving region to be within a smaller angular region, the quantization noise incurred by the users can be effectively reduced. We previously showed that, under the one-bit DAC case, the quantization noise can be satisfactorily contained using a simple first-order Sigma-Delta modulation scheme. In this work we study the potential of spatial Sigma-Delta modulation in the two-bit DAC case and under second-order modulation. Our empirical results indicate that second-order spatial Sigma-Delta modulation provides better quantization noise suppression.
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Publication Date:
Journal Name:
International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
8966 to 8970
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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