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Title: Kinematic Design and Evaluation of a Six-Bar Knee-Ankle-Foot Orthosis
Abstract This paper presents a new two-step design procedure and preliminary kinematic evaluation of a novel, passive, six-bar knee-ankle-foot orthosis (KAFO). The kinematic design and preliminary kinematic gait analysis of the KAFO are based on motion capture data from a single healthy male subject. Preliminary kinematic evaluation shows that the designed passive KAFO is capable of supporting flexion and extension of the knee joint during stance and swing phases of walking. The two-step design procedure for the KAFO consists of (1) computational synthesis based on user's motion data and (2) performance optimization. In the computational synthesis step, first the lower leg (knee-ankle-foot) of the subject is approximated as a 2R kinematic chain and its target trajectories are specified from motion capture data. Six-bar linkages are synthesized to coordinate the angular movements of knee and ankle joints of the 2R chain at 11 accuracy points. The first step of the design procedure yields 332 six-bar KAFO design candidates. This is followed by a performance optimization step in which the KAFO design candidates are optimally modified to satisfy specified constraints on end-effector trajectory and shape. This two-step process yields an optimally designed passive six-bar KAFO that shows promising kinematic results at the knee joint of the user during walking. The preliminary prototype manufactured is cost effective, easy to operate, and suitably demonstrates the feasibility of the proposed concept.  more » « less
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Journal of Engineering and Science in Medical Diagnostics and Therapy
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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