Drywall partition walls (DPW) could considerably affect the seismic resilience of tall cross-laminated timber (CLT) buildings due to cost and building downtime associated with repair. These drift sensitive components are susceptible to damage at low shaking intensities, and thus controlling or eliminating such damage in low to moderate earthquakes is key to seismic resilience. Conversely, post-tensioned CLT rocking walls have been shown to be a resilient lateral load resistant system for tall CLT building in high seismic areas. A series of tests will be performed at the NHERI Lehigh EF to compare the performance of DPWs with conventional slip-track detailing and alternative telescoping slip-track detailing (track-within-a-track deflection assembly), and to evaluate different approaches for minimizing damage at the wall intersections through the use of gaps. Moreover, a configuration is examined with partition wall encapsulating the rocking wall for fire protection. This paper presents a summary of pre-test studies to design the best configuration of DPW to improve the overall resiliency of the structure.
Experimental Seismic Test of Drywall Partition Walls with Improved Detailing for Damage Reduction
Drywall partition walls are susceptible to damage at low-level drifts, and hence reducing such damage is key to achieving seismic resiliency in buildings. Prior tests on drywall partition walls have shown that slip track connection detailing leads to better performance than other detailing, such as fully-fixed connections. However, in all prior testing, partition wall performance was evaluated using a unidirectional loading protocol (either in-plane or out-of-plane) or in shake table testing. Moreover, all details are susceptible to considerable damage to wall intersections. Two phases of the test have been performed at the Natural Hazards Engineering Research Infrastructure (NHERI) Lehigh Equipment Facility to develop improved details of drywall partition walls under bidirectional loading. The partition walls were tested alongside a cross-laminated timber (CLT) post-tensioned rocking wall subassembly, wherein the CLT system is under development as a resilient lateral system for tall timber buildings. In the Phase 1, the slip behavior of conventional slip-track detailing was compared to telescoping detailing (track-within-a-track deflection assembly). In the Phase 2, two details for reducing the wall intersection damage were evaluated on traditional slip-track C-shaped walls. First, a corner gap detail was tested. This detail incorporates a gap through the wall intersection to reduce the collision damage more »
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- The 17th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering
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- National Science Foundation
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AbstractThe slip behavior of two straight drywall partition walls (without return walls) – one with conventional slip-track detailing and the other with telescoping detailing – was examined. These drywall partition walls were tested under a bidirectional loading protocol, which allowed for systematic evaluation of the effect of out of plane drift on the in-plane resistance of the drywall partition walls.
AbstractTwo partition walls with return walls at both ends and traditional slip-track detailing were investigated. Special gap details were evaluated to reduce damage at the wall intersection. The first detail utilized a large gap in the wall intersection, while the other detail utilized distributed gaps along the wall. The walls were tested under a bidirectional loading protocol, to provide better insight into the wall intersection behavior under bidirectional loading.
This paper presents an experimental study on the multi-directional cyclic lateral-load response of post-tensioned self-centering (SC) cross-laminated timber (CLT) shear walls. The SC-CLT wall damage states are introduced and qualitatively defined in terms of the level of effort needed to repair the wall to restore its initial functional state. A comparison between SC-CLT wall damage states under unidirectional and multi-directional loading is presented. The experimental test results show that the SC-CLT wall damage state initiation occurs at lower story-drifts under multi-directional loading compared to unidirectional loading. The SC-CLT wall damage states are quantified in terms of the engineering demand parameter (EDP) defined as wall story-drift. Fragility functions that relate the conditional probability of the occurrence of a selected damage state at a wall corner to the EDP are developed. The results reinforce the observations that multi-directional loading on the CLT shear walls causes more damage that unidirectional loading.
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