Abstract—Wide band gap (WBG) devices, like silicon carbide (SiC) MOSFET has gradually replaced the traditional silicon counterpart due to their advantages of high operating temperature and fast switching speed. Paralleling operations of SiC MOSFETs are unavoidable in high power applications in order to meet the system current requirement. However, parasitics mismatches among different paralleling devices would cause current unbalance issues, which would reduce the system reliability and maximum current capability. Thus, to achieve current balancing operation, this paper proposes a solution of using multi-level active gate driver, where the dynamic current sharing during turn-on and turn-off processes are achieved by adjusting the delays, intermediate turn-on and turn-off voltages. The static current sharing is maintained by regulating the static turn-on gate voltage, where the on-state resistance mismatch between different devices can be compensated. A double pulse test setup with two different SiC MOSFETs is built to emulate the scenario of worst case application with large differences of threshold voltage and on-state resistance. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed active gate driver can achieve both dynamic and static current sharing operations for SiC MOSFETs with paralleling operation. Moreover, the system control diagram is discussed. Simulation studies are conducted to achieve closed-loopmore »
A Review on Switching Slew Rate Control for Silicon Carbide Devices using Active Gate Drivers
Driving solutions for power semiconductor devices are experiencing new challenges since the emerging wide bandgap power devices, such as silicon carbide (SiC), with superior performance become commercially available. Generally, high switching speed is desired due to the lower switching loss, yet high dv/dt and di/dt can result in elevated electromagnetic interference (EMI) emission, false-triggering, and other detrimental effects during switching transients. Active gate drivers (AGDs) have been proposed to balance the switching losses and the switching speed of each switching transient. The review of the in-existence AGD methodologies for SiC devices has not been reported yet. This review starts with the essence of the slew rate control and its significance. Then a comprehensive review categorizing the state-of-the-art AGD methodologies is presented. It is followed by a summary of the AGDs control and timing strategies. In this work, using AGD to reduce the EMI noise of a 10 kV SiC MOSFET system is reported. This work also highlights other capabilities of AGDs including reliability enhancement of power devices and rebalancing the mismatched electrical parameters of parallel- and series-connected devices. These application scenarios of AGDs are validated via simulation and experimental results.
- Award ID(s):
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- IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics
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- 1 to 1
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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