 Award ID(s):
 1802139
 Publication Date:
 NSFPAR ID:
 10252047
 Journal Name:
 International Mathematics Research Notices
 ISSN:
 10737928
 Sponsoring Org:
 National Science Foundation
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Abstract The elliptic algebras in the title are connected graded $\mathbb {C}$ algebras, denoted $Q_{n,k}(E,\tau )$ , depending on a pair of relatively prime integers $n>k\ge 1$ , an elliptic curve E and a point $\tau \in E$ . This paper examines a canonical homomorphism from $Q_{n,k}(E,\tau )$ to the twisted homogeneous coordinate ring $B(X_{n/k},\sigma ',\mathcal {L}^{\prime }_{n/k})$ on the characteristic variety $X_{n/k}$ for $Q_{n,k}(E,\tau )$ . When $X_{n/k}$ is isomorphic to $E^g$ or the symmetric power $S^gE$ , we show that the homomorphism $Q_{n,k}(E,\tau ) \to B(X_{n/k},\sigma ',\mathcal {L}^{\prime }_{n/k})$ is surjective, the relations for $B(X_{n/k},\sigma ',\mathcal {L}^{\prime }_{n/k})$ are generated in degrees $\le 3$ and the noncommutative scheme $\mathrm {Proj}_{nc}(Q_{n,k}(E,\tau ))$ has a closed subvariety that is isomorphic to $E^g$ or $S^gE$ , respectively. When $X_{n/k}=E^g$ and $\tau =0$ , the results about $B(X_{n/k},\sigma ',\mathcal {L}^{\prime }_{n/k})$ show that the morphism $\Phi _{\mathcal {L}_{n/k}}:E^g \to \mathbb {P}^{n1}$ embeds $E^g$ as a projectively normal subvariety that is a schemetheoretic intersection of quadric and cubic hypersurfaces.

Abstract. This work measured $ \mathrm{d}\sigma/\mathrm{d}\Omega$ d σ / d Ω for neutral kaon photoproduction reactions from threshold up to a c.m. energy of 1855MeV, focussing specifically on the $ \gamma p\rightarrow K^0\Sigma^+$ γ p → K 0 Σ + , $ \gamma n\rightarrow K^0\Lambda$ γ n → K 0 Λ , and $ \gamma n\rightarrow K^0 \Sigma^0$ γ n → K 0 Σ 0 reactions. Our results for $ \gamma n\rightarrow K^0 \Sigma^0$ γ n → K 0 Σ 0 are the firstever measurements for that reaction. These data will provide insight into the properties of $ N^{\ast}$ N * resonances and, in particular, will lead to an improved knowledge about those states that couple only weakly to the $ \pi N$ π N channel. Integrated cross sections were extracted by fitting the differential cross sections for each reaction as a series of Legendre polynomials and our results are compared with prior experimental results and theoretical predictions.

Abstract Given two k graphs ( k uniform hypergraphs) F and H , a perfect F tiling (or F factor) in H is a set of vertexdisjoint copies of F that together cover the vertex set of H . For all complete k partite k graphs K , Mycroft proved a minimum codegree condition that guarantees a K factor in an n vertex k graph, which is tight up to an error term o ( n ). In this paper we improve the error term in Mycroft’s result to a sublinear term that relates to the Turán number of K when the differences of the sizes of the vertex classes of K are coprime. Furthermore, we find a construction which shows that our improved codegree condition is asymptotically tight in infinitely many cases, thus disproving a conjecture of Mycroft. Finally, we determine exact minimum codegree conditions for tiling K (k) (1, … , 1, 2) and tiling loose cycles, thus generalizing the results of Czygrinow, DeBiasio and Nagle, and of Czygrinow, respectively.

In this paper, we study the mixed Littlewood conjecture with pseudoabsolute values. For any pseudoabsolutevalue sequence ${\mathcal{D}}$ , we obtain a sharp criterion such that for almost every $\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}$ the inequality $$\begin{eqnarray}n_{{\mathcal{D}}}n\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}p\leq \unicode[STIX]{x1D713}(n)\end{eqnarray}$$ has infinitely many coprime solutions $(n,p)\in \mathbb{N}\times \mathbb{Z}$ for a certain oneparameter family of $\unicode[STIX]{x1D713}$ . Also, under a minor condition on pseudoabsolutevalue sequences ${\mathcal{D}}_{1},{\mathcal{D}}_{2},\ldots ,{\mathcal{D}}_{k}$ , we obtain a sharp criterion on a general sequence $\unicode[STIX]{x1D713}(n)$ such that for almost every $\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}$ the inequality $$\begin{eqnarray}n_{{\mathcal{D}}_{1}}n_{{\mathcal{D}}_{2}}\cdots n_{{\mathcal{D}}_{k}}n\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}p\leq \unicode[STIX]{x1D713}(n)\end{eqnarray}$$ has infinitely many coprime solutions $(n,p)\in \mathbb{N}\times \mathbb{Z}$ .

Abstract Given a sequence $\{Z_d\}_{d\in \mathbb{N}}$ of smooth and compact hypersurfaces in ${\mathbb{R}}^{n1}$, we prove that (up to extracting subsequences) there exists a regular definable hypersurface $\Gamma \subset {\mathbb{R}}\textrm{P}^n$ such that each manifold $Z_d$ is diffeomorphic to a component of the zero set on $\Gamma$ of some polynomial of degree $d$. (This is in sharp contrast with the case when $\Gamma$ is semialgebraic, where for example the homological complexity of the zero set of a polynomial $p$ on $\Gamma$ is bounded by a polynomial in $\deg (p)$.) More precisely, given the above sequence of hypersurfaces, we construct a regular, compact, semianalytic hypersurface $\Gamma \subset {\mathbb{R}}\textrm{P}^{n}$ containing a subset $D$ homeomorphic to a disk, and a family of polynomials $\{p_m\}_{m\in \mathbb{N}}$ of degree $\deg (p_m)=d_m$ such that $(D, Z(p_m)\cap D)\sim ({\mathbb{R}}^{n1}, Z_{d_m}),$ i.e. the zero set of $p_m$ in $D$ is isotopic to $Z_{d_m}$ in ${\mathbb{R}}^{n1}$. This says that, up to extracting subsequences, the intersection of $\Gamma$ with a hypersurface of degree $d$ can be as complicated as we want. We call these ‘pathological examples’. In particular, we show that for every $0 \leq k \leq n2$ and every sequence of natural numbers $a=\{a_d\}_{d\in \mathbb{N}}$ there is a regular, compact semianalyticmore »