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Title: Inferring the basal sliding coefficient field for the Stokes ice sheet model under rheological uncertainty
Abstract. We consider the problem of inferring the basal sliding coefficientfield for an uncertain Stokes ice sheet forward model from syntheticsurface velocity measurements. The uncertainty in the forward modelstems from unknown (or uncertain) auxiliary parameters (e.g., rheologyparameters). This inverse problem is posed within the Bayesianframework, which provides a systematic means of quantifyinguncertainty in the solution. To account for the associated modeluncertainty (error), we employ the Bayesian approximation error (BAE)approach to approximately premarginalize simultaneously over both thenoise in measurements and uncertainty in the forward model. We alsocarry out approximative posterior uncertainty quantification based ona linearization of the parameter-to-observable map centered at themaximum a posteriori (MAP) basal sliding coefficient estimate, i.e.,by taking the Laplace approximation. The MAP estimate is found byminimizing the negative log posterior using an inexact Newtonconjugate gradient method. The gradient and Hessian actions to vectorsare efficiently computed using adjoints. Sampling from theapproximate covariance is made tractable by invoking a low-rankapproximation of the data misfit component of the Hessian. We studythe performance of the BAE approach in the context of three numericalexamples in two and three dimensions. For each example, the basalsliding coefficient field is the parameter of primary interest whichwe seek to infer, and the rheology parameters (e.g., the flow ratefactor or the Glen's flow law exponent coefficient field) representso-called nuisance (secondary uncertain) parameters. Our resultsindicate that accounting for model uncertainty stemming from thepresence of nuisance parameters is crucial. Namely our findingssuggest that using nominal values for these parameters, as is oftendone in practice, without taking into account the resulting modelingerror, can lead to overconfident and heavily biased results. We alsoshow that the BAE approach can be used to account for the additionalmodel uncertainty at no additional cost at the online stage.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
1654311 1550547
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
The Cryosphere
Page Range / eLocation ID:
1731 to 1750
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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