Laparoscopic surgery presents practical benefits over traditional open surgery, including reduced risk of infection, discomfort and recovery time for patients. Introducing robot systems into surgical tasks provides additional enhancements, including improved precision, remote operation, and an intelligent software layer capable of filtering aberrant motion and scaling surgical maneuvers. However, the software interface in telesurgery also lends itself to potential adversarial cyber attacks. Such attacks can negatively effect both surgeon motion commands and sensory information relayed to the operator. To combat cyber attacks on the latter, one method to enhance surgeon feedback through multiple sensory pathways is to incorporate reliable, complementary forms of information across different sensory modes. Built-in partial redundancies or inferences between perceptual channels, or perception complementarities, can be used both to detect and recover from compromised operator feedback. In surgery, haptic sensations are extremely useful for surgeons to prevent undue and unwanted tissue damage from excessive tool-tissue force. Direct force sensing is not yet deployable due to sterilization requirements of the operating room. Instead, combinations of other sensing methods may be relied upon, such as noncontact model-based force estimation. This paper presents the design of a surgical simulator software that can be used for vision-based non-contact force sensingmore »
Empirically Evaluating the Effects of Perceptual Information Channels on the Size Perception of Tangibles in Near-Field Virtual Reality
Immersive Virtual Environments (IVEs) incorporating tangibles are becoming more accessible. The success of applications combining 3D printed tangibles and VR often depends on how accurately size is perceived. Research has shown that visuo-haptic perceptual information is important in the perception of size. However, it is unclear how these sensory-perceptual channels are affected by immersive virtual environments that incorporate tangible objects. Towards understanding the effects of different sensory information channels in the near field size perception of tangibles of graspable sizes in IVEs, we conducted a between-subjects study evaluating the accuracy of size perception across three experimental conditions (Vision-only, Haptics-only, Vision and Haptics). We found that overall, participants consistently over-estimated the size of the dials regardless of the type of perceptual information that was presented. Participants in the haptics only condition overestimated diameters to a larger degree as compared to other conditions. Participants were most accurate in the vision only condition and least accurate in the haptics only condition. Our results also revealed that increased efficiency in reporting size over time was most pronounced in the visuo- haptic condition.
- Award ID(s):
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- IEEE VR 2021
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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