A Triple Phase-Shift Based Control Method for RMS Current Minimization and Power Sharing Control of Input-Series Output-Parallel Dual Active Bridge Converter
High frequency modular power converters are increasingly becoming popular due to their small size and weight. Targeting the input-series and output-parallel (ISOP) dual active bridge (DAB) DC-DC converters, this paper proposes a control scheme based on optimal triple phase-shift (TPS) control for both power sharing control and RMS current minimization. This achieves balanced power transmission, even under mismatched leakage inductance of a DAB module of the ISOP. In order to obtain the optimal zones of operation for the converter, the RMS current was minimized using the Lagrange multiplier method to obtain the optimal duty cycles. The power balancing was added to compensate unbalanced power sharing for variations in model parameters or module shutdown. Analyses and simulation results through MATLAB/Simulink are presented to validate the proposed controller.