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Title: UAV Assisted Cellular Networks With Renewable Energy Charging Infrastructure: A Reinforcement Learning Approach
Deploying unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) mounted base stations with a renewable energy charging infrastructure in a temporary event (e.g., sporadic hotspots for light reconnaissance mission or disaster-struck areas where regular power-grid is unavailable) provides a responsive and cost-effective solution for cellular networks. Nevertheless, the energy constraint incurred by renewable energy (e.g., solar panel) imposes new challenges on the recharging coordination. The amount of available energy at a charging station (CS) at any given time is variable depending on: the time of day, the location, sunlight availability, size and quality factor of the solar panels used, etc. Uncoordinated UAVs make redundant recharging attempts and result in severe quality of service (QoS) degradation. The system stability and lifetime depend on the coordination between the UAVs and available CSs. In this paper, we develop a reinforcement learning time-step based algorithm for the UAV recharging scheduling and coordination using a Q-Learning approach. The agent is considered a central controller of the UAVs in the system, which uses the ϵ -greedy based action selection. The goal of the algorithm is to maximize the average achieved throughput, reduce the number of recharging occurrences, and increase the life-span of the network. Extensive simulations based on experimentally validated more » UAV and charging energy models reveal that our approach exceeds the benchmark strategies by 381% in system duration, 47% reduction in the number of recharging occurrences, and achieved 66% of the performance in average throughput compared to a power-grid based infrastructure where there are no energy limitations on the CSs. « less
Authors:
; ; ;
Award ID(s):
1757207
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10315807
Journal Name:
MILCOM 2021 - 2021 IEEE Military Communications Conference (MILCOM)
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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We used a variety of techniques such as the file locking mechanism, multithreading, circular buffers, real-time event decoding, and signal-decision plotting to realize the system. A video demonstrating the system is available at: https://www.isip.piconepress.com/projects/nsf_pfi_tt/resources/videos/realtime_eeg_analysis/v2.5.1/video_2.5.1.mp4. The final conference submission will include a more detailed analysis of the online performance of each module. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Research reported in this publication was most recently supported by the National Science Foundation Partnership for Innovation award number IIP-1827565 and the Pennsylvania Commonwealth Universal Research Enhancement Program (PA CURE). Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official views of any of these organizations. REFERENCES [1] A. Craik, Y. He, and J. L. 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