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Title: Discrete symmetry breaking defines the Mott quartic fixed point
Because Fermi liquids are inherently non-interacting states of matter, all electronic levels below the chemical potential are doubly occupied. Consequently, the simplest way of breaking the Fermi-liquid theory is to engineer a model in which some of those states are singly occupied, keeping time-reversal invariance intact. We show that breaking an overlooked1 local-in-momentum space ℤ2 symmetry of a Fermi liquid does precisely this. As a result, although the Mott transition from a Fermi liquid is correctly believed to arise without breaking any continuous symmetry, a discrete symmetry is broken. This symmetry breaking serves as an organizing principle for Mott physics whether it arises from the tractable Hatsugai–Kohmoto model or the intractable Hubbard model. Through a renormalization-group analysis, we establish that both are controlled by the same fixed point. An experimental manifestation of this fixed point is the onset of particle–hole asymmetry, a widely observed2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 phenomenon in strongly correlated systems. Theoretically, the singly occupied region of the spectrum gives rise to a surface of zeros of the single-particle Green function, denoted as the Luttinger surface. Using K-homology, we show that the Bott topological invariant guarantees the stability of this surface to local perturbations. Our proof demonstrates that the strongly coupled fixed more » point only corresponds to those Luttinger surfaces with co-dimension p + 1 with odd p. We conclude that both Hubbard and Hatsugai–Kohmoto models lie in the same high-temperature universality class and are controlled by a quartic fixed point with broken ℤ2 symmetry. « less
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Nature physics
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National Science Foundation
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  4. Abstract

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