Chiplet-based architectures have been proposed to scale computing systems for deep neural networks (DNNs). Prior work has shown that for the chiplet-based DNN accelerators, the electrical network connecting the chiplets poses a major challenge to system performance, energy consumption, and scalability. Some emerging interconnect technologies such as silicon photonics can potentially overcome the challenges facing electrical interconnects as photonic interconnects provide high bandwidth density, superior energy efficiency, and ease of implementing broadcast and multicast operations that are prevalent in DNN inference. In this paper, we propose a chiplet-based architecture named SPRINT for DNN inference. SPRINT uses a global buffer to simplify the data transmission between storage and computation, and includes two novel designs: (1) a reconfigurable photonic network that can support diverse communications in DNN inference with minimal implementation cost, and (2) a customized dataflow that exploits the ease of broadcast and multicast feature of photonic interconnects to support highly parallel DNN computations. Simulation studies using ResNet50 DNN model show that SPRINT achieves 46% and 61% execution time and energy consumption reduction, respectively, as compared to other state-of-the-art chiplet-based architectures with electrical or photonic interconnects.
SPACX: Silicon Photonics-based Scalable Chiplet Accelerator for DNN Inference
In pursuit of higher inference accuracy, deep neural network (DNN) models have significantly increased in complexity and size. To overcome the consequent computational challenges, scalable chiplet-based accelerators have been proposed. However, data communication using metallic-based interconnects in these chiplet-based DNN accelerators is becoming a primary obstacle to performance, energy efficiency, and scalability. The photonic interconnects can provide adequate data communication support due to some superior properties like low latency, high bandwidth and energy efficiency, and ease of broadcast communication. In this paper, we propose SPACX: a Silicon Photonics-based Chiplet ACcelerator for DNN inference applications. Specifically, SPACX includes a photonic network design that enables seamless single-chiplet and cross-chiplet broadcast communications, and a tailored dataflow that promotes data broadcast and maximizes parallelism. Furthermore, we explore the broadcast granularities of the photonic network and implications on system performance and energy efficiency. A flexible bandwidth allocation scheme is also proposed to dynamically adjust communication bandwidths for different types of data. Simulation results using several DNN models show that SPACX can achieve 78% and 75% reduction in execution time and energy, respectively, as compared to other state-of-the-art chiplet-based DNN accelerators.
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- IEEE International Symposium on High-Performance Computer Architecture (HPCA)
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- 831 to 845
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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