Disentangling the sources of visual motion in a dynamic scene during self-movement or ego motion is important for autonomous navigation and tracking. In the dynamic image segments of a video frame containing independently moving objects, optic flow relative to the next frame is the sum of the motion fields generated due to camera and object motion. The traditional ego-motion estimation methods assume the scene to be static, and the recent deep learning-based methods do not separate pixel velocities into object- and ego-motion components. We propose a learning-based approach to predict both ego-motion parameters and object-motion field (OMF) from image sequences using a convolutional autoencoder while being robust to variations due to the unconstrained scene depth. This is achieved by: 1) training with continuous ego-motion constraints that allow solving for ego-motion parameters independently of depth and 2) learning a sparsely activated overcomplete ego-motion field (EMF) basis set, which eliminates the irrelevant components in both static and dynamic segments for the task of ego-motion estimation. In order to learn the EMF basis set, we propose a new differentiable sparsity penalty function that approximates the number of nonzero activations in the bottleneck layer of the autoencoder and enforces sparsity more effectively than L1-more »
Using Synthetic Data Generation to Probe Multi-View Stereo Networks
Synthetic data is highly useful for training machine learning systems performing image-based 3D reconstruction, as synthetic data has applications in both extending existing generalizable datasets and being tailored to train neural networks for specific learning tasks of interest. In this paper, we introduce and utilize a synthetic data generation suite capable of generating data given existing 3D scene models as input. Specifically, we use our tool to generate image sequences for use with Multi-View Stereo (MVS), moving a camera through the virtual space according to user-chosen camera parameters. We evaluate how the given camera parameters and type of 3D environment affect how applicable the generated image sequences are to the MVS task using five pre-trained neural networks on image sequences generated from three different 3D scene datasets. We obtain generated predictions for each combination of parameter value and input image sequence, using standard error metrics to analyze the differences in depth predictions on image sequences across 3D datasets, parameters, and networks. Among other results, we find that camera height and vertical camera viewing angle are the parameters that cause the most variation in depth prediction errors on these image sequences.
- Award ID(s):
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- 2021 IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision Workshops (ICCVW)
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- 1583 to 1591
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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