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Title: MXenes and Other Two-Dimensional Materials for Membrane Gas Separation: Progress, Challenges, and Potential of MXene-Based Membranes
Gas separation membranes incorporating two-dimensional (2D) materials have received considerable attention in recent years, as these membranes have shown outstanding physical, structural, and thermal properties and high permeability- selectivity. The reduced thickness and diversity of the gas transport mechanisms through in-plane pores (intrinsic defects), in-plane slitlike pores, or plane-to-plane interlayer galleries provide the membranes with a significant sieving ability for energy-efficient gas separation. The discovery of 2D transition metal carbides/nitrides materials, MXenes, has provided new opportunities in the gas separation membrane area because of their hydrophilicity, rich chemistry, high flexibility, and mechanical strength. This Review puts into perspective recent advances in 2D-material-based gas separation membranes. It discusses research opportunities mainly in MXene-based gas membranes, highlights modification approaches for tuning the in-plane and plane-to-plane nanoslits, explains governing mechanisms of transport through these membranes, and compares their advantages and disadvantages with those of other 2D materials. It also discusses current challenges and provides prospects in this area.
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Award ID(s):
2134607 1804285
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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