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Title: Achieving extreme light confinement in low-index dielectric resonators through quasi-bound states in the continuum

Obtaining large field enhancement in low-refractive-index dielectric materials is highly relevant to many photonic and quantum optics applications. However, confining light in these materials is challenging, owing to light leakage through coupling to continuum modes in the surrounding environment. We investigate the possibility of achieving high quality factors in low-index dielectric resonators through the bound states in the continuum (BIC). Our simulations demonstrate that destructive interference between leaky modes can be achieved by tuning the geometrical parameters of the resonator arrays, leading to the emergence of quasi-BIC in resonators that have a small index contrast to the underlying substrates. The resultant large field enhancement gives rise to giant quality factors and Purcell effects. By introducing vertical mirror symmetry, the quasi-BIC can be tuned into an ideal BIC. In addition, the quasi-BIC can modify the emission patterns of the coupled emitters, rendering highly directional and focused far-field emission. These findings may provide a path for the practical implementation of photonic and quantum devices based on low-index dielectric materials.

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Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
Publisher / Repository:
Optical Society of America
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Optics Letters
0146-9592; OPLEDP
Page Range / eLocation ID:
Article No. 6087
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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