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Title: Conditional Dichotomy of Boolean Ordered Promise CSPs
Promise Constraint Satisfaction Problems (PCSPs) are a generalization ofConstraint Satisfaction Problems (CSPs) where each predicate has a strong and aweak form and given a CSP instance, the objective is to distinguish if thestrong form can be satisfied vs. even the weak form cannot be satisfied. Sincetheir formal introduction by Austrin, Guruswami, and H\aa stad, there has beena flurry of works on PCSPs [BBKO19,KO19,WZ20]. The key tool in studying PCSPsis the algebraic framework developed in the context of CSPs where the closureproperties of the satisfying solutions known as the polymorphisms are analyzed. The polymorphisms of PCSPs are much richer than CSPs. In the Boolean case, westill do not know if dichotomy for PCSPs exists analogous to Schaefer'sdichotomy result for CSPs. In this paper, we study a special case of BooleanPCSPs, namely Boolean Ordered PCSPs where the Boolean PCSPs have the predicate$x \leq y$. In the algebraic framework, this is the special case of BooleanPCSPs when the polymorphisms are monotone functions. We prove that BooleanOrdered PCSPs exhibit a computational dichotomy assuming the Rich 2-to-1Conjecture [BKM21] which is a perfect completeness surrogate of the UniqueGames Conjecture. Assuming the Rich 2-to-1 Conjecture, we prove that a Boolean Ordered PCSP canbe solved in polynomial time if for every $\epsilon>0$, it has polymorphismswhere each coordinate has Shapley value at most $\epsilon$, else it is NP-hard.The algorithmic part of our dichotomy is based on a structural lemma thatBoolean monotone functions with each coordinate having low Shapley value havearbitrarily large threshold functions as minors. The hardness part proceeds byshowing that the Shapley value is consistent under a uniformly random 2-to-1minor. Of independent interest, we show that the Shapley value can beinconsistent under an adversarial 2-to-1 minor.  more » « less
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Volume 2
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National Science Foundation
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A two-point positive denite problem in a semi-innite domain, SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis, V. 37, N 2, pp.403422, 1999 [3] Druskin, Vladimir and Mamonov, Alexander V and Zaslavsky, Mikhail, Distance preserving model order reduction of graph-Laplacians and cluster analysis, Druskin, Vladimir and Mamonov, Alexander V and Zaslavsky, Mikhail, Journal of Scientic Computing, V. 90, N 1, pp 130, 2022 [4] Druskin, Vladimir and Moskow, Shari and Zaslavsky, Mikhail LippmannSchwingerLanczos algorithm for inverse scattering problems, Inverse Problems, V. 37, N. 7, 2021, [5] Mark Adolfovich Nudelman The Krein String and Characteristic Functions of Maximal Dissipative Operators, Journal of Mathematical Sciences, 2004, V 124, pp 49184934 Go back to Plenary Speakers Go back to Speakers Go back 
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