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Title: Unlocking the thermoelectric potential of the Ca 14 AlSb 11 structure type
The interplay of synthesis, experiments, and theory in broadening the landscape of thermoelectric materials is reported.  more » « less
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Science Advances
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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    A crucial issue in cuprates is the extent and mechanism of the coupling of the lattice to the electrons and the superconductivity. Here we report Cu K edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure measurements elucidating the internal quantum tunneling polaron (iqtp) component of the dynamical structure in two heavily overdoped superconducting cuprate compounds, tetragonal YSr 2 Cu 2.75 Mo 0.25 O 7.54 with superconducting critical temperature, T c = 84 K and hole density p = 0.3 to 0.5 per planar Cu, and the tetragonal phase of Sr 2 CuO 3.3 with T c = 95 K and p = 0.6. In YSr 2 Cu 2.75 Mo 0.25 O 7.54 changes in the Cu-apical O two-site distribution reflect a sequential renormalization of the double-well potential of this site beginning at T c , with the energy difference between the two minima increasing by ∼6 meV between T c and 52 K. Sr 2 CuO 3.3 undergoes a radically larger transformation at T c , >1-Å displacements of the apical O atoms. The principal feature of the dynamical structure underlying these transformations is the strongly anharmonic oscillation of the apical O atoms in a double-well potential that results in the observation of two distinct O sites whose Cu–O distances indicate different bonding modes and valence-charge distributions. The coupling of the superconductivity to the iqtp that originates in this nonadiabatic coupling between the electrons and lattice demonstrates an important role for the dynamical structure whereby pairing occurs even in a system where displacements of the atoms that are part of the transition are sufficiently large to alter the Fermi surface. The synchronization and dynamic coherence of the iqtps resulting from the strong interactions within a crystal would be expected to influence this process. 
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  2. Abstract

    The structures of glasses in the lithium–bismuth orthoborate composition range deviate significantly from the short‐range order structure of the two crystalline end‐members. Although binary Li3BO3and BiBO3are solely of comprised trigonal orthoborate anions, all glasses formed by their combination contain four‐coordinated borate tetrahedra. We analyze the structure of (75−1.5x)Li2O–xBi2O3–(25+0.5x)B2O3glasses in increments ofx = 5, with11B magic‐angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), infrared (IR), and Raman spectroscopy. For the full series, the oxygen‐to‐boron ratio remains constant at O/B = 3:1. NMR quantifies an increase in the fraction of tetrahedral boron with increasing bismuth oxide content. Evolution of the mid‐IR profile suggests multiple types of tetrahedral boron sites. Raman spectroscopy reveals that Bi2O3tends to cluster within the lithium borate matrix when initially introduced and that this behavior transforms into a bismuthate network with increasing bismuth oxide content. In all cases, mixed Bi–O–B linkages are observed. The dual role of bismuth as network modifier and network former is likewise observed in the far IR. The glass transition temperature continuously increases with bismuth oxide content; however, the glass stability displays a maximum in the multicomponent glass ofx = 40.

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