This content will become publicly available on June 1, 2024
 Award ID(s):
 1900519
 NSFPAR ID:
 10433795
 Date Published:
 Journal Name:
 Inventiones mathematicae
 Volume:
 232
 Issue:
 3
 ISSN:
 00209910
 Page Range / eLocation ID:
 1195 to 1272
 Format(s):
 Medium: X
 Sponsoring Org:
 National Science Foundation
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null (Ed.)Abstract The duality principle for group representations developed in Dutkay et al. (J Funct Anal 257:1133–1143, 2009), Han and Larson (Bull Lond Math Soc 40:685–695, 2008) exhibits a fact that the wellknown duality principle in Gabor analysis is not an isolated incident but a more general phenomenon residing in the context of group representation theory. There are two other wellknown fundamental properties in Gabor analysis: the biorthogonality and the fundamental identity of Gabor analysis. The main purpose of this this paper is to show that these two fundamental properties remain to be true for general projective unitary group representations. Moreover, we also present a general duality theorem which shows that that mutiframe generators meet superframe generators through a dual commutant pair of group representations. Applying it to the Gabor representations, we obtain that $$\{\pi _{\Lambda }(m, n)g_{1} \oplus \cdots \oplus \pi _{\Lambda }(m, n)g_{k}\}_{m, n \in {\mathbb {Z}}^{d}}$$ { π Λ ( m , n ) g 1 ⊕ ⋯ ⊕ π Λ ( m , n ) g k } m , n ∈ Z d is a frame for $$L^{2}({\mathbb {R}}\,^{d})\oplus \cdots \oplus L^{2}({\mathbb {R}}\,^{d})$$ L 2 ( R d ) ⊕ ⋯ ⊕ L 2 ( R d ) if and only if $$\cup _{i=1}^{k}\{\pi _{\Lambda ^{o}}(m, n)g_{i}\}_{m, n\in {\mathbb {Z}}^{d}}$$ ∪ i = 1 k { π Λ o ( m , n ) g i } m , n ∈ Z d is a Riesz sequence, and $$\cup _{i=1}^{k} \{\pi _{\Lambda }(m, n)g_{i}\}_{m, n\in {\mathbb {Z}}^{d}}$$ ∪ i = 1 k { π Λ ( m , n ) g i } m , n ∈ Z d is a frame for $$L^{2}({\mathbb {R}}\,^{d})$$ L 2 ( R d ) if and only if $$\{\pi _{\Lambda ^{o}}(m, n)g_{1} \oplus \cdots \oplus \pi _{\Lambda ^{o}}(m, n)g_{k}\}_{m, n \in {\mathbb {Z}}^{d}}$$ { π Λ o ( m , n ) g 1 ⊕ ⋯ ⊕ π Λ o ( m , n ) g k } m , n ∈ Z d is a Riesz sequence, where $$\pi _{\Lambda }$$ π Λ and $$\pi _{\Lambda ^{o}}$$ π Λ o is a pair of Gabor representations restricted to a time–frequency lattice $$\Lambda $$ Λ and its adjoint lattice $$\Lambda ^{o}$$ Λ o in $${\mathbb {R}}\,^{d}\times {\mathbb {R}}\,^{d}$$ R d × R d .more » « less

F or c e d at a f or a fl a p pi n g f oil e n er g y h ar v e st er wit h a cti v e l e a di n g e d g e m oti o n o p er ati n g i n t h e l o w r e d u c e d fr e q u e n c y r a n g e i s c oll e ct e d t o d et er mi n e h o w l e a di n g e d g e m oti o n aff e ct s e n er g y h ar v e sti n g p erf or m a n c e. T h e f oil pi v ot s a b o ut t h e mi dc h or d a n d o p er at e s i n t h e l o w r e d u c e d fr e q u e n c y r a n g e of 𝑓𝑓 𝑓𝑓 / 𝑈𝑈 ∞ = 0. 0 6 , 0. 0 8, a n d 0. 1 0 wit h 𝑅𝑅 𝑅𝑅 = 2 0 ,0 0 0 − 3 0 ,0 0 0 , wit h a pit c hi n g a m plit u d e of 𝜃𝜃 0 = 7 0 ∘ , a n d a h e a vi n g a m plit u d e of ℎ 0 = 0. 5 𝑓𝑓 . It i s f o u n d t h at l e a di n g e d g e m oti o n s t h at r e d u c e t h e eff e cti v e a n gl e of att a c k e arl y t h e str o k e w or k t o b ot h i n cr e a s e t h e lift f or c e s a s w ell a s s hift t h e p e a k lift f or c e l at er i n t h e fl a p pi n g str o k e. L e a di n g e d g e m oti o n s i n w hi c h t h e eff e cti v e a n gl e of att a c k i s i n cr e a s e d e arl y i n t h e str o k e s h o w d e cr e a s e d p erf or m a n c e. I n a d diti o n a di s cr et e v ort e x m o d el wit h v ort e x s h e d di n g at t h e l e a di n g e d g e i s i m pl e m e nt f or t h e m oti o n s st u di e d; it i s f o u n d t h at t h e m e c h a ni s m f or s h e d di n g at t h e l e a di n g e d g e i s n ot a d e q u at e f or t hi s p ar a m et er r a n g e a n d t h e m o d el c o n si st e ntl y o v er pr e di ct s t h e a er o d y n a mi c f or c e s.more » « less

A spherical conical metric g g on a surface Σ \Sigma is a metric of constant curvature 1 1 with finitely many isolated conical singularities. The uniformization problem for such metrics remains largely open when at least one of the cone angles exceeds 2 π 2\pi . The eigenfunctions of the Friedrichs Laplacian Δ g \Delta _g with eigenvalue λ = 2 \lambda =2 play a special role in this problem, as they represent local obstructions to deformations of the metric g g in the class of spherical conical metrics. In the present paper we apply the theory of multivalued harmonic maps to spheres to the question of existence of such eigenfunctions. In the first part we establish a new criterion for the existence of 2 2 eigenfunctions, given in terms of a certain meromorphic data on Σ \Sigma . As an application we give a description of all 2 2 eigenfunctions for metrics on the sphere with at most three conical singularities. The second part is an algebraic construction of metrics with large number of 2 2 eigenfunctions via the deformation of multivalued harmonic maps. We provide new explicit examples of metrics with many 2 2 eigenfunctions via both approaches, and describe the general algorithm to find metrics with arbitrarily large number of 2 2 eigenfunctions.more » « less

Abstract Let $f(z) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty a_f(n)q^n$ be a holomorphic cuspidal newform with even integral weight $k\geq 2$, level N, trivial nebentypus and no complex multiplication. For all primes p, we may define $\theta_p\in [0,\pi]$ such that $a_f(p) = 2p^{(k1)/2}\cos \theta_p$. The Sato–Tate conjecture states that the angles θp are equidistributed with respect to the probability measure $\mu_{\textrm{ST}}(I) = \frac{2}{\pi}\int_I \sin^2 \theta \; d\theta$, where $I\subseteq [0,\pi]$. Using recent results on the automorphy of symmetric power Lfunctions due to Newton and Thorne, we explicitly bound the error term in the Sato–Tate conjecture when f corresponds to an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ of arbitrary conductor or when f has squarefree level. In these cases, if $\pi_{f,I}(x) := \#\{p \leq x : p \nmid N, \theta_p\in I\}$ and $\pi(x) := \# \{p \leq x \}$, we prove the following bound: $$ \left \frac{\pi_{f,I}(x)}{\pi(x)}  \mu_{\textrm{ST}}(I)\right \leq 58.1\frac{\log((k1)N \log{x})}{\sqrt{\log{x}}} \qquad \text{for} \quad x \geq 3. $$ As an application, we give an explicit bound for the number of primes up to x that violate the Atkin–Serre conjecture for f.

null (Ed.)Given integers $g,n\geqslant 0$ satisfying $22gn<0$ , let ${\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ be the moduli space of connected, oriented, complete, finite area hyperbolic surfaces of genus $g$ with $n$ cusps. We study the global behavior of the Mirzakhani function $B:{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}\rightarrow \mathbf{R}_{{\geqslant}0}$ which assigns to $X\in {\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ the Thurston measure of the set of measured geodesic laminations on $X$ of hyperbolic length ${\leqslant}1$ . We improve bounds of Mirzakhani describing the behavior of this function near the cusp of ${\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ and deduce that $B$ is squareintegrable with respect to the Weil–Petersson volume form. We relate this knowledge of $B$ to statistics of counting problems for simple closed hyperbolic geodesics.more » « less