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Title: Multifunctional phononic meta-material actuated by the phase transition in water
The functionality of thermally active phononic crystals (PnC) and metamaterials can be greatly enhanced by utilizing the temperature-dependent physical characteristics of heat-sensitive materials within the periodic structure. The phase transformation between water and ice occurs within a narrow range of temperatures that can lead to significant changes in its acoustic transmission due to the modification of the elastic properties of periodic phononic structures in an aqueous medium. A phononic crystal with acrylic scatterers in water is designed to function as an acoustic filter, beam splitter, or lensing based on the device’s temperature due to changes in the phase of the ambient medium. The transition from room temperature to freezing point reduces the contrast in acoustic properties between the ice-lattice and the scatterer materials (acrylic) and switches off the metamaterial of the water-based PnC. The numerically simulated equi-frequency contours and wave propagation characteristics demonstrate the switchable meta-material to the periodic phononic structure’s normal behavior due to the phase transition of water. Effects such as Van Hove’s singularity and filamentation-like effects in an acoustic meta-material system can be thermally tuned.  more » « less
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Physica Scripta
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National Science Foundation
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