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Title: Ideal plasticity and shape memory of nanolamellar high-entropy alloys

Understanding the relationship among elemental compositions, nanolamellar microstructures, and mechanical properties enables the rational design of high-entropy alloys (HEAs). Here, we construct nanolamellar AlxCoCuFeNi HEAs with alternating high– and low–Al concentration layers and explore their mechanical properties using a combination of molecular dynamic simulation and density functional theory calculation. Our results show that the HEAs with nanolamellar structures exhibit ideal plastic behavior during uniaxial tensile loading, a feature not observed in homogeneous HEAs. This remarkable ideal plasticity is attributed to the unique deformation mechanisms of phase transformation coupled with dislocation nucleation and propagation in the high–Al concentration layers and the confinement and slip-blocking effect of the low–Al concentration layers. Unexpectedly, this ideal plasticity is fully reversible upon unloading, leading to a remarkable shape memory effect. Our work highlights the importance of nanolamellar structures in controlling the mechanical and functional properties of HEAs and presents a fascinating route for the design of HEAs for both functional and structural applications.

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Science Advances
Medium: X
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National Science Foundation
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  2. Abstract

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    This work was supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) Award No. ECCS-1931088. S.L. and H.W.S. acknowledge the support from the Improvement of Measurement Standards and Technology for Mechanical Metrology (Grant No. 22011044) by KRISS.


    [1] Younget al.,IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine,vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 55-75, 2018.

    [2] Hadsellet al.,Journal of Field Robotics,vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 120-144, 2009.

    [3] Najafabadiet al.,Journal of Big Data,vol. 2, no. 1, p. 1, 2015.

    [4] Zhaoet al.,Applied Physics Reviews,vol. 7, no. 1, 2020.

    [5] Zidanet al.,Nature Electronics,vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 22-29, 2018.

    [6] Wulfet al.,SIGARCH Comput. Archit. News,vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 20–24, 1995.

    [7] Wilkes,SIGARCH Comput. Archit. News,vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 4–6, 1995.

    [8] Ielminiet al.,Nature Electronics,vol. 1, no. 6, pp. 333-343, 2018.

    [9] Changet al.,Nano Letters,vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 1297-1301, 2010.

    [10] Qinet al., Physica Status Solidi (RRL) - Rapid Research Letters, pssr.202200075R1, In press, 2022.

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