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Title: Functionalization of Metakaolin with Non-Ionic Surfactants: Swelling and Pozzolanic Reactivity
Metakaolin (MK) has been widely used in modifying cement and designing high-performance concrete, while the role of this alumino-silicate mineral has not been fully exploited due to its low reaction degree, especially at high-volume incorporations. To enhance the pozzolanic reactivity, functionalization of MK particles with two non-ionic surfactants, namely polyoxyethylene (9) nonylphenylether (PONPE9) and t-octyl phenoxy poly ethoxyethanol (TX100), are investigated in this study under a hypothesis that the intercalations of the surfactants into MK’s interlayer space can trigger changes in structure and properties. The dry MK particles were mixed with aqueous solutions with two surfactant concentrations to reach two surfactant loadings in MK at its 1.0 and 6.0 cation exchange capacity (CEC). The surfactant uptake behavior of MK and its influence on the hygroscopic swelling, pozzolanic reactivity, and dissolution behavior in simulated cement pore solution were characterized. The results indicate that, compared with TX100, PONPE9 can be absorbed by MK more easily. After functionalization at 1.0 and 6.0 CEC, MK exhibited surfactant mass fractions of 1.85% and 3.81% for TX100, and 1.95% and 5.39% for PONPE9, respectively. The intercalation of surfactants resulted in an up to 28.6% increase in the swell index of MK when absorbing water. A more robust aluminum and silicon dissolution behavior in the simulated cement pore solution was observed from the functionalized MK. Increases in reaction heat and lime consumption capacity were obtained in the MK-lime blends indicating the enhanced pozzolanic reactivity of MK after functionalization and paving a path to enhance the role of MK in future sustainable concrete design.  more » « less
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Publisher / Repository:
International Congress on the Chemistry of Cement 2023 (ICCC2023)
Date Published:
Medium: X
Bangkok, Thailand
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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