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  1. Understanding and handling interference across multiple active cameras.

     
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 3, 2024
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  4. We provide methods which recover planar scene geometry by utilizing the transient histograms captured by a class of close-range time-of-flight (ToF) distance sensor. A transient histogram is a one dimensional temporal waveform which encodes the arrival time of photons incident on the ToF sensor. Typically, a sensor processes the transient histogram using a proprietary algorithm to produce distance estimates, which are commonly used in several robotics applications. Our methods utilize the transient histogram directly to enable recovery of planar geometry more accurately than is possible using only proprietary distance estimates, and consistent recovery of the albedo of the planar surface, which is not possible with proprietary distance estimates alone. This is accomplished via a differentiable rendering pipeline, which simulates the transient imaging process, allowing direct optimization of scene geometry to match observations. To validate our methods, we capture 3,800 measurements of eight planar surfaces from a wide range of viewpoints, and show that our method outperforms the proprietary-distance-estimate baseline by an order of magnitude in most scenarios. We demonstrate a simple robotics application which uses our method to sense the distance to and slope of a planar surface from a sensor mounted on the end effector of a robot arm. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2024
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  7. Abstract

    Image sensors capable of capturing individual photons have made tremendous progress in recent years. However, this technology faces a major limitation. Because they capture scene information at the individual photon level, the raw data is sparse and noisy. Here we propose CASPI: Collaborative Photon Processing for Active Single-Photon Imaging, a technology-agnostic, application-agnostic, and training-free photon processing pipeline for emerging high-resolution single-photon cameras. By collaboratively exploiting both local and non-local correlations in the spatio-temporal photon data cubes, CASPI estimates scene properties reliably even under very challenging lighting conditions. We demonstrate the versatility of CASPI with two applications: LiDAR imaging over a wide range of photon flux levels, from a sub-photon to high ambient regimes, and live-cell autofluorescence FLIM in low photon count regimes. We envision CASPI as a basic building block of general-purpose photon processing units that will be implemented on-chip in future single-photon cameras.

     
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 31, 2024
  8. Abstract

    The phenomenon of non-reciprocal critical current in a Josephson device, termed the Josephson diode effect, has garnered much recent interest. Realization of the diode effect requires inversion symmetry breaking, typically obtained by spin-orbit interactions. Here we report observation of the Josephson diode effect in a three-terminal Josephson device based upon an InAs quantum well two-dimensional electron gas proximitized by an epitaxial aluminum superconducting layer. We demonstrate that the diode efficiency in our devices can be tuned by a small out-of-plane magnetic field or by electrostatic gating. We show that the Josephson diode effect in these devices is a consequence of the artificial realization of a current-phase relation that contains higher harmonics. We also show nonlinear DC intermodulation and simultaneous two-signal rectification, enabled by the multi-terminal nature of the devices. Furthermore, we show that the diode effect is an inherent property of multi-terminal Josephson devices, establishing an immediately scalable approach by which potential applications of the Josephson diode effect can be realized, agnostic to the underlying material platform. These Josephson devices may also serve as gate-tunable building blocks in designing topologically protected qubits.

     
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