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Creators/Authors contains: "Huang, He Helen"

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 1, 2023
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  4. Abstract Objective. Advanced robotic lower limb prostheses are mainly controlled autonomously. Although the existing control can assist cyclic movements during locomotion of amputee users, the function of these modern devices is still limited due to the lack of neuromuscular control (i.e. control based on human efferent neural signals from the central nervous system to peripheral muscles for movement production). Neuromuscular control signals can be recorded from muscles, called electromyographic (EMG) or myoelectric signals. In fact, using EMG signals for robotic lower limb prostheses control has been an emerging research topic in the field for the past decade to address novel prosthesis functionality and adaptability to different environments and task contexts. The objective of this paper is to review robotic lower limb Prosthesis control via EMG signals recorded from residual muscles in individuals with lower limb amputations. Approach. We performed a literature review on surgical techniques for enhanced EMG interfaces, EMG sensors, decoding algorithms, and control paradigms for robotic lower limb prostheses. Main results. This review highlights the promise of EMG control for enabling new functionalities in robotic lower limb prostheses, as well as the existing challenges, knowledge gaps, and opportunities on this research topic from human motor control and clinicalmore »practice perspectives. Significance. This review may guide the future collaborations among researchers in neuromechanics, neural engineering, assistive technologies, and amputee clinics in order to build and translate true bionic lower limbs to individuals with lower limb amputations for improved motor function.« less
  5. Abstract Reinforcement learning (RL) has potential to provide innovative solutions to existing challenges in estimating joint moments in motion analysis, such as kinematic or electromyography (EMG) noise and unknown model parameters. Here, we explore feasibility of RL to assist joint moment estimation for biomechanical applications. Forearm and hand kinematics and forearm EMGs from four muscles during free finger and wrist movement were collected from six healthy subjects. Using the proximal policy optimization approach, we trained two types of RL agents that estimated joint moment based on measured kinematics or measured EMGs, respectively. To quantify the performance of trained RL agents, the estimated joint moment was used to drive a forward dynamic model for estimating kinematics, which was then compared with measured kinematics using Pearson correlation coefficient. The results demonstrated that both trained RL agents are feasible to estimate joint moment for wrist and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint motion prediction. The correlation coefficients between predicted and measured kinematics, derived from the kinematics-driven agent and subject-specific EMG-driven agents, were 98% ± 1% and 94% ± 3% for the wrist, respectively, and were 95% ± 2% and 84% ± 6% for the metacarpophalangeal joint, respectively. In addition, a biomechanically reasonable joint moment-angle-EMG relationship (i.e., dependence of joint moment on joint angle andmore »EMG) was predicted using only 15 s of collected data. In conclusion, this study illustrates that an RL approach can be an alternative technique to conventional inverse dynamic analysis in human biomechanics study and EMG-driven human-machine interfacing applications.« less
  6. Abstract Despite the promise of powered lower limb prostheses, existing controllers do not assist many daily activities that require continuous control of prosthetic joints according to human states and environments. The objective of this case study was to investigate the feasibility of direct, continuous electromyographic (dEMG) control of a powered ankle prosthesis, combined with physical therapist-guided training, for improved standing postural control in an individual with transtibial amputation. Specifically, EMG signals of the residual antagonistic muscles (i.e. lateral gastrocnemius and tibialis anterior) were used to proportionally drive pneumatical artificial muscles to move a prosthetic ankle. Clinical-based activities were used in the training and evaluation protocol of the control paradigm. We quantified the EMG signals in the bilateral shank muscles as well as measures of postural control and stability. Compared to the participant’s daily passive prosthesis, the dEMG-controlled ankle, combined with the training, yielded improved clinical balance scores and reduced compensation from intact joints. Cross-correlation coefficient of bilateral center of pressure excursions, a metric for quantifying standing postural control, increased to .83(±.07) when using dEMG ankle control ( passive device: .39(±.29)) . We observed synchronized activation of homologous muscles, rapid improvement in performance on the first day of the training formore »load transfer tasks, and further improvement in performance across training days (p = .006). This case study showed the feasibility of this dEMG control paradigm of a powered prosthetic ankle to assist postural control. This study lays the foundation for future study to extend these results through the inclusion of more participants and activities.« less