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1. We give near-optimal algorithms for computing an ellipsoidal rounding of a convex polytope whose vertices are given in a stream. The approximation factor is linear in the dimension (as in John's theorem) and only loses an excess logarithmic factor in the aspect ratio of the polytope. Our algorithms are nearly optimal in two senses: first, their runtimes nearly match those of the most efficient known algorithms for the offline version of the problem. Second, their approximation factors nearly match a lower bound we show against a natural class of geometric streaming algorithms. In contrast to existing works in the streaming setting that compute ellipsoidal roundings only for centrally symmetric convex polytopes, our algorithms apply to general convex polytopes. We also show how to use our algorithms to construct coresets from a stream of points that approximately preserve both the ellipsoidal rounding and the convex hull of the original set of points.
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Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 11, 2025
2. We prove a new generalization of the higher-order Cheeger inequality for partitioning with buffers. Consider a graph G = (V, E). The buffered expansion of a set S ⊆ V with a buffer B ⊆ V∖S is the edge expansion of S after removing all the edges from set S to its buffer B. An ε-buffered k-partitioning is a partitioning of a graph into disjoint components P_i and buffers B_i, in which the size of buffer B_i for P_i is small relative to the size of P_i: |B_i| ≤ ε|P_i|. The buffered expansion of a buffered partition is the maximum of buffered expansions of the k sets P_i with buffers B_i. Let h^{k,ε}_G be the buffered expansion of the optimal ε-buffered k-partitioning, then for every δ>0, h^{k,ε}_G ≤ O(1)⋅(log k) ⋅λ_{⌊(1+δ)k⌋} / ε, where λ_{⌊(1+δ)k⌋} is the ⌊(1+δ)k⌋-th smallest eigenvalue of the normalized Laplacian of G. Our inequality is constructive and avoids the square-root loss'' that is present in the standard Cheeger inequalities (even for k=2). We also provide a complementary lower bound, and a novel generalization to the setting with arbitrary vertex weights and edge costs. Moreover our result implies and generalizes the standard higher-order Cheeger inequalities and another recent Cheeger-type inequality by Kwok, Lau, and Lee (2017) involving robust vertex expansion.
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Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2025
3. We prove a new generalization of the higher-order Cheeger inequality for partitioning with buffers. Consider a graph G=(V,E). The buffered expansion of a set S⊆V with a buffer B⊆V∖S is the edge expansion of S after removing all the edges from set S to its buffer B. An ε-buffered k-partitioning is a partitioning of a graph into disjoint components Pi and buffers Bi, in which the size of buffer Bi for Pi is small relative to the size of Pi: |Bi|≤ε|Pi|. The buffered expansion of a buffered partition is the maximum of buffered expansions of the k sets Pi with buffers Bi. Let hk,εG be the buffered expansion of the optimal ε-buffered k-partitioning, then for every δ>0, hk,εG≤Oδ(1)⋅(logkε)⋅λ⌊(1+δ)k⌋, where λ⌊(1+δ)k⌋ is the ⌊(1+δ)k⌋-th smallest eigenvalue of the normalized Laplacian of G. Our inequality is constructive and avoids the square-root loss'' that is present in the standard Cheeger inequalities (even for k=2). We also provide a complementary lower bound, and a novel generalization to the setting with arbitrary vertex weights and edge costs. Moreover our result implies and generalizes the standard higher-order Cheeger inequalities and another recent Cheeger-type inequality by Kwok, Lau, and Lee (2017) involving robust vertex expansion.
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Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2025
4. We introduce a framework for performing vector-valued regression in finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces. Using Lipschitz smoothness as our regularizer, we leverage Kirszbraun’s extension theorem for off-data prediction. We analyze the statistical and computational aspects of this method—to our knowledge, its first application to supervised learning. We decompose this task into two stages: training (which corresponds operationally to smoothing/regularization) and prediction (which is achieved via Kirszbraun extension). Both are solved algorithmically via a novel multiplicative weight updates (MWU) scheme, which, for our problem formulation, achieves significant runtime speedups over generic interior point methods. Our empirical results indicate a dramatic advantage over standard off-the-shelf solvers in our regression setting.
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Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 7, 2024
5. ; (Ed.)
We provide new approximation algorithms for the Red-Blue Set Cover and Circuit Minimum Monotone Satisfying Assignment (MMSA) problems. Our algorithm for Red-Blue Set Cover achieves Õ(m^{1/3})-approximation improving on the Õ(m^{1/2})-approximation due to Elkin and Peleg (where m is the number of sets). Our approximation algorithm for MMSA_t (for circuits of depth t) gives an Õ(N^{1-δ}) approximation for δ = 1/3 2^{3-⌈t/2⌉}, where N is the number of gates and variables. No non-trivial approximation algorithms for MMSA_t with t ≥ 4 were previously known. We complement these results with lower bounds for these problems: For Red-Blue Set Cover, we provide a nearly approximation preserving reduction from Min k-Union that gives an Ω(m^{1/4 - ε}) hardness under the Dense-vs-Random conjecture, while for MMSA we sketch a proof that an SDP relaxation strengthened by Sherali-Adams has an integrality gap of N^{1-ε} where ε → 0 as the circuit depth t → ∞.
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Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 4, 2024
6. ; ; ; (Ed.)
We consider variants of the classic Multiway Cut problem. Multiway Cut asks to partition a graph G into k parts so as to separate k given terminals. Recently, Chandrasekaran and Wang (ESA 2021) introduced l_p-norm Multiway Cut, a generalization of the problem, in which the goal is to minimize the l_p norm of the edge boundaries of k parts. We provide an O(log^{1/2} n log^{1/2 + 1/p} k) approximation algorithm for this problem, improving upon the approximation guarantee of O(log^{3/2} n log^{1/2} k) due to Chandrasekaran and Wang. We also introduce and study Norm Multiway Cut, a further generalization of Multiway Cut. We assume that we are given access to an oracle, which answers certain queries about the norm. We present an O(log^{1/2} n log^{7/2} k) approximation algorithm with a weaker oracle and an O(log^{1/2} n log^{5/2} k) approximation algorithm with a stronger oracle. Additionally, we show that without any oracle access, there is no n^{1/4-ε} approximation algorithm for every ε > 0 assuming the Hypergraph Dense-vs-Random Conjecture.
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Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 30, 2024
7. We study the problem of fair k-median where each cluster is required to have a fair representation of individuals from different groups. In the fair representation k-median problem, we are given a set of points X in a metric space. Each point x ∈ X belongs to one of ℓ groups. Further, we are given fair representation parameters αj and β_j for each group j ∈ [ℓ]. We say that a k-clustering C_1, ⋅⋅⋅, C_k fairly represents all groups if the number of points from group j in cluster C_i is between α_j |C_i| and β_j |C_i| for every j ∈ [ℓ] and i ∈ [k]. The goal is to find a set of k centers and an assignment such that the clustering defined by fairly represents all groups and minimizes the ℓ_1-objective ∑_{x ∈ X} d(x, ϕ(x)). We present an O(log k)-approximation algorithm that runs in time n^{O(ℓ)}. Note that the known algorithms for the problem either (i) violate the fairness constraints by an additive term or (ii) run in time that is exponential in both k and ℓ. We also consider an important special case of the problem where and for all j ∈ [ℓ]. For this special case, we present an O(log k)-approximation algorithm that runs in time.
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8. (Ed.)
We give efficient deterministic one-pass streaming algorithms for finding an ellipsoidal approximation of a symmetric convex polytope. The algorithms are near-optimal in that their approximation factors differ from that of the optimal offline solution only by a factor sub-logarithmic in the aspect ratio of the polytope
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9. (Ed.)
In the Correlation Clustering problem, we are given a complete weighted graph G with its edges labeled as “similar" and “dissimilar" by a noisy binary classifier. For a clustering C of graph G, a similar edge is in disagreement with C, if its endpoints belong to distinct clusters; and a dissimilar edge is in disagreement with C if its endpoints belong to the same cluster. The disagreements vector, Agree, is a vector indexed by the vertices of G such that the v-th coordinate Disagre equals the weight of all disagreeing edges incident on v. The goal is to produce a clustering that minimizes the ℓp norm of the disagreements vector for p≥1. We study the ℓ_p objective in Correlation Clustering under the following assumption: Every similar edge has weight in [αw,w] and every dissimilar edge has weight at least αw (where α≤1 and w>0 is a scaling parameter). We give an O((1/α)^{1/2−1/2p}⋅log(1/α)) approximation algorithm for this problem. Furthermore, we show an almost matching convex programming integrality gap.
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