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  1. Ranzato, M. ; Beygelzimer, A. ; Dauphin, Y ; Liang, P. S. ; Wortman Vaughan, J. (Ed.)
    Adversarial examples are a widely studied phenomenon in machine learning models. While most of the attention has been focused on neural networks, other practical models also suffer from this issue. In this work, we propose an algorithm for evaluating the adversarial robustness of k-nearest neighbor classification, i.e., finding a minimum-norm adversarial example. Diverging from previous proposals, we propose the first geometric approach by performing a search that expands outwards from a given input point. On a high level, the search radius expands to the nearby higher-order Voronoi cells until we find a cell that classifies differently from the input point. To scale the algorithm to a large k, we introduce approximation steps that find perturbation with smaller norm, compared to the baselines, in a variety of datasets. Furthermore, we analyze the structural properties of a dataset where our approach outperforms the competition.
  2. Differential privacy is fast becoming the gold standard in enabling statistical analysis of data while protecting the privacy of individuals. However, practical use of differential privacy still lags behind research progress because research prototypes cannot satisfy the scalability requirements of production deployments. To address this challenge, we present Chorus, a framework for building scalable differential privacy mechanisms which is based on cooperation between the mechanism itself and a high-performance production database management system (DBMS). We demonstrate the use of Chorus to build the first highly scalable implementations of complex mechanisms like Weighted PINQ, MWEM, and the matrix mechanism. We report on our experience deploying Chorus at Uber, and evaluate its scalability on real-world queries.
  3. Nowadays an emerging class of applications are based oncollaboration over a shared database among different entities. However, the existing solutions on shared database may require trust on others, have high hardware demand that is unaffordable for individual users, or have relatively low performance. In other words, there is a trilemma among security, compatibility and efficiency. In this paper, we present FalconDB, which enables different parties with limited hardware resources to efficiently and securely collaborate on a database. FalconDB adopts database servers with verification interfaces accessible to clients and stores the digests for query/update authentications on a blockchain. Using blockchain as a consensus platform and a distributed ledger, FalconDB is able to work without any trust on each other. Meanwhile, FalconDB requires only minimal storage cost on each client, and provides anywhere-available, real-time and concurrent access to the database. As a result, FalconDB over-comes the disadvantages of previous solutions, and enables individual users to participate in the collaboration with high efficiency, low storage cost and blockchain-level security guarantees.