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  1. Nearly all principal cloud providers now provide burstable instances in their offerings. The main attraction of this type of instance is that it can boost its performance for a limited time to cope with workload variations. Although burstable instances are widely adopted, it is not clear how to efficiently manage them to avoid waste of resources. In this paper, we use predictive data analytics to optimize the management of burstable instances. We design CEDULE+, a data-driven framework that enables efficient resource management for burstable cloud instances by analyzing the system workload and latency data. CEDULE+ selects the most profitable instancemore »type to process incoming requests and controls CPU, I/O, and network usage to minimize the resource waste without violating Service Level Objectives (SLOs). CEDULE+ uses lightweight profiling and quantile regression to build a data-driven prediction model that estimates system performance for all combinations of instance type, resource type, and system workload. CEDULE+ is evaluated on Amazon EC2, and its efficiency and high accuracy are assessed through real-case scenarios. CEDULE+ predicts application latency with errors less than 10%, extends the maximum performance period of a burstable instance up to 2.4 times, and decreases deployment costs by more than 50%.« less
  2. Serverless computing is a new pay-per-use cloud service paradigm that automates resource scaling for stateless functions and can potentially facilitate bursty machine learning serving. Batching is critical for latency performance and cost-effectiveness of machine learning inference, but unfortunately it is not supported by existing serverless platforms due to their stateless design. Our experiments show that without batching, machine learning serving cannot reap the benefits of serverless computing. In this paper, we present BATCH, a framework for supporting efficient machine learning serving on serverless platforms. BATCH uses an optimizer to provide inference tail latency guarantees and cost optimization and to enablemore »adaptive batching support. We prototype BATCH atop of AWS Lambda and popular machine learning inference systems. The evaluation verifies the accuracy of the analytic optimizer and demonstrates performance and cost advantages over the state-of-the-art method MArk and the state-of-the-practice tool SageMaker.« less