skip to main content

Search for: All records

Award ID contains: 1935278

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Here, we present a multimodal, lamprey-inspired, 3D printed soft fluidic robot/actuator based on an antagonistic pneunet architecture. The Pacific Lamprey is a unique fish which is able to climb wetted vertical surfaces using its suction-cup mouth and snake-like morphology. The continuum structure of these fish lends itself to soft robots, given their ability to form continuous bends. Additionally, the high gravimetric and volumetric power density attainable by soft actuators make them good candidates for climbing robots. Fluidic soft robots are often limited in the forces they can exert due to limitations on their actuation pressure. This actuator is able to operate at relatively high pressures (for soft robots) of 756 kPa (95 psig) with a −3 dB bandwidth of 2.23 Hz to climb at rates exceeding 18 cm/s. The robot is capable of progression on a vertical surface using a compliant microspine attachment as the functional equivalent of the lamprey’s more complex suction-cup mouth. The paper also presents the details of the 3D-printed manufacturing of this actuator/robot.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 10, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2023
  3. Underactuation is a core challenge associated with controlling soft and continuum robots, which possess theoretically infinite degrees of freedom, but few actuators. However, m actuators may still be used to control a dynamic soft robot in an m-dimensional output task space. In this paper we develop a task-space control approach for planar continuum robots that is robust to modeling error and requires very little sensor information. The controller is based on a highly underactuated discrete rod mechanics model in maximal coordinates and does not require conversion to a classical robot dynamics model form. This promotes straightforward control design, implementation and efficiency. We perform input-output feedback linearization on this model, apply sliding mode control to increase robustness, and formulate an observer to estimate the full state from sparse output measurements. Simulation results show exact task-space reference tracking behavior can be achieved even in the presence of significant modeling error, inaccurate initial conditions, and output-only sensing.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2023
  4. In this paper we present swimming and modeling for Trident, a three-link lamprey-inspired robot that is able to climb on flat smooth walls. We explore two gaits proposed to work for linear swimming, and three gaits for turning maneuvers. We compare the experimental results obtained from these swimming experiments with two different reduced order fluid interaction models, one a previously published potential flow model, and the other a slender cylinder model we developed. We find that depending on the the parameters of swimming chosen, we are able to move forward, backward and sideways with a peak speed of 2.5 cm/s. We identify the conditions when these models apply and aspects that will require additional complexity.