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  1. Data-intensive augmented information (AgI) services (e.g., metaverse applications such as virtual/augmented reality), designed to deliver highly interactive experiences resulting from the real-time combination of live data-streams and pre-stored digital content, are accelerating the need for distributed compute platforms with unprecedented storage, computation, and communication requirements. To this end, the integrated evolution of next-generation networks (5G/6G) and distributed cloud technologies (mobile/edge/cloud computing) have emerged as a promising paradigm to address the interaction- and resource-intensive nature of data-intensive AgI services. In this paper, we focus on the design of control policies for the joint orchestration of compute, caching, and communication (3C) resources in next-generation 3C networks for the delivery of data-intensive AgI services. We design the first throughput-optimal control policy that coordinates joint decisions around (i) routing paths and processing locations for live data streams, with (ii) cache selection and distribution paths for associated data objects. We then extend the proposed solution to include a max-throughput data placement policy and two efficient replacement policies. Numerical results demonstrate the superior performance obtained via the novel multi-pipeline flow control and 3C resource orchestration mechanisms of the proposed policy, compared with state-of-the-art algorithms that lack full 3C integrated control. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2025
  2. The confluence of advanced networking (5G/6G) and distributed cloud technologies (edge/fog computing) are rapidly transforming next-generation networks into highly distributed computation platforms, especially suited to host emerging resource-intensive and latency-sensitive services (e.g., smart transportation/city/factory, real-time computer vision, augmented reality). In this paper, we leverage the recently proposed Cloud Network Flow (CNF) modeling and optimization framework to design a novel two-timescale orchestration system for the joint control of communication and computation resources in cloud-integrated networks. The Long-Term Controller solves a properly constructed CNF optimization problem at a longer timescale that determines i) the end-to-end CNF routes (defining data paths and processing locations) for each service chain and ii) the associated allocation of communication and computation resources. The Short-Term Controller uses a local control policy to adjust the allocation of communication and computation resources based on queue state observations at a shorter timescale. Driven by the lack of proper simulation tools, we also develop new ns-3 features that allow modeling and simulation of cloud-integrated networks equipped with both communication and computation resources hosting arbitrary service chains. Finally, we integrate the proposed orchestration system into ns-3 to evaluate and analyze the dynamic orchestration of a set of representative service chains over a hierarchical cloud-integrated network. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 11, 2025
  3. Emerging distributed cloud architectures, e.g., fog and mobile edge computing, are playing an increasingly impor-tant role in the efficient delivery of real-time stream-processing applications (also referred to as augmented information services), such as industrial automation and metaverse experiences (e.g., extended reality, immersive gaming). While such applications require processed streams to be shared and simultaneously consumed by multiple users/devices, existing technologies lack efficient mechanisms to deal with their inherent multicast na-ture, leading to unnecessary traffic redundancy and network congestion. In this paper, we establish a unified framework for distributed cloud network control with generalized (mixed-cast) traffic flows that allows optimizing the distributed execution of the required packet processing, forwarding, and replication operations. We first characterize the enlarged multicast network stability region under the new control framework (with respect to its unicast counterpart). We then design a novel queuing system that allows scheduling data packets according to their current destination sets, and leverage Lyapunov drift-plus-penalty con-trol theory to develop the first fully decentralized, throughput-and cost-optimal algorithm for multicast flow control. Numerical experiments validate analytical results and demonstrate the performance gain of the proposed design over existing network control policies. 
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  4. Performance assessment and optimization for net-works jointly performing caching, computing, and communica-tion (3C) has recently drawn significant attention because many emerging applications require 3C functionality. However, studies in the literature mostly focus on the particular algorithms and setups of such networks, while their theoretical understanding and characterization has been less explored. To fill this gap, this paper conducts the asymptotic (scaling-law) analysis for the delay-outage tradeoff of noise-limited wireless edge networks with joint 3C. In particular, assuming the user requests for different tasks following a Zipf distribution, we derive the analytical expression for the optimal caching policy. Based on this, we next derive the closed-form expression for the optimum outage probability as a function of delay and other network parameters for the case that the Zipf parameter is smaller than 1. Then, for the case that the Zipf parameter is larger than 1, we derive the closed-form expressions for upper and lower bounds of the optimum outage probability. We provide insights and interpretations based on the derived expressions. Computer simulations validate our analytical results and insights. 
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  5. Next-generation distributed computing networks (e.g., edge and fog computing) enable the efficient delivery of delay-sensitive, compute-intensive applications by facilitating access to computation resources in close proximity to end users. Many of these applications (e.g., augmented/virtual reality) are also data-intensive: in addition to user-specific (live) data streams, they require access to shared (static) digital objects (e.g., im-age database) to complete the required processing tasks. When required objects are not available at the servers hosting the associated service functions, they must be fetched from other edge locations, incurring additional communication cost and latency. In such settings, overall service delivery performance shall benefit from jointly optimized decisions around (i) routing paths and processing locations for live data streams, together with (ii) cache selection and distribution paths for associated digital objects. In this paper, we address the problem of dynamic control of data-intensive services over edge cloud networks. We characterize the network stability region and design the first throughput-optimal control policy that coordinates processing and routing decisions for both live and static data-streams. Numerical results demonstrate the superior performance (e.g., throughput, delay, and resource consumption) obtained via the novel multi-pipeline flow control mechanism of the proposed policy, compared with state-of-the-art algorithms that lack integrated stream processing and data distribution control. 
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