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Title: Machine Learning Based Handovers for Sub-6 GHz and mmWave Integrated Vehicular Networks
The integration of sub-6 GHz and millimeter wave (mmWave) bands has a great potential to enable both reliable coverage and high data rate in future vehicular networks. Nevertheless, during mmWave vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) handovers, the coverage blindness of directional beams makes it a significant challenge to discover target mmWave remote radio units (mmW-RRUs) whose active beams may radiate somewhere that handover vehicles are not in. Besides, fast and soft handovers are also urgently needed in vehicular networks. Based on these observations, to solve the target discovery problem, we utilize channel state information (CSI) of sub-6 GHz bands and Kernel-based machine learning (ML) algorithms to predict vehicles’ positions and then use them to pre-activate target mmW-RRUs. Considering that the regular movement of vehicles on almost linearly paved roads with finite corner turns will generate some regularity in handovers, to accelerate handovers, we propose to use historical handover data and K-nearest neighbor (KNN) ML algorithms to predict handover decisions without involving time-consuming target selection and beam training processes. To achieve soft handovers, we propose to employ vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) connections to forward data for V2I links. Theoretical and simulation results are provided to validate the feasibility of the proposed schemes.  more » « less
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IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
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1 to 1
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Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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