Precise and eloquent label information is fundamental for interpreting the underlying data distributions distinctively and training of supervised and semi-supervised learning models adequately. But obtaining large amount of labeled data demands substantial manual effort. This obligation can be mitigated by acquiring labels of most informative data instances using Active Learning. However labels received from humans are not always reliable and poses the risk of introducing noisy class labels which will degrade the efficacy of a model instead of its improvement. In this paper, we address the problem of annotating sensor data instances of various Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) in smart home context. We exploit the interactions between the users and annotators in terms of relationships spanning across spatial and temporal space which accounts for an activity as well. We propose a novel annotator selection model SocialAnnotator which exploits the interactions between the users and annotators and rank the annotators based on their level of correspondence. We also introduce a novel approach to measure this correspondence distance using the spatial and temporal information of interactions, type of the relationships and activities. We validate our proposed SocialAnnotator framework in smart environments achieving ≈ 84% statistical confidence in data annotation
Selective Sampling for Sensor Type Classification in Buildings
A key barrier to applying any smart technology to a building is the requirement of locating and connecting to the necessary resources among the thousands of sensing and control points, i.e., the metadata mapping problem. Existing solutions depend on exhaustive manual annotation of sensor metadata - a laborious, costly, and hardly scalable process. To reduce the amount of manual effort required, this paper presents a multi-oracle selective sampling framework to leverage noisy labels from information sources with unknown reliability such as existing buildings, which we refer to as weak oracles, for metadata mapping. This framework involves an interactive process, where a small set of sensor instances are progressively selected and labeled for it to learn how to aggregate the noisy labels as well as to predict sensor types. Two key challenges arise in designing the framework, namely, weak oracle reliability estimation and instance selection for querying. To address the first challenge, we develop a clustering-based approach for weak oracle reliability estimation to capitalize on the observation that weak oracles perform differently in different groups of instances. For the second challenge, we propose a disagreement-based query selection strategy to combine the potential effect of a labeled instance on both reducing classifier more »
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- 2020 19th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks (IPSN)
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- 241 to 252
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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