- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- 1 to 14
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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Abstract As artificial intelligence and industrial automation are developing, human–robot collaboration (HRC) with advanced interaction capabilities has become an increasingly significant area of research. In this paper, we design and develop a real-time, multi-model HRC system using speech and gestures. A set of 16 dynamic gestures is designed for communication from a human to an industrial robot. A data set of dynamic gestures is designed and constructed, and it will be shared with the community. A convolutional neural network is developed to recognize the dynamic gestures in real time using the motion history image and deep learning methods. An improved open-source speech recognizer is used for real-time speech recognition of the human worker. An integration strategy is proposed to integrate the gesture and speech recognition results, and a software interface is designed for system visualization. A multi-threading architecture is constructed for simultaneously operating multiple tasks, including gesture and speech data collection and recognition, data integration, robot control, and software interface operation. The various methods and algorithms are integrated to develop the HRC system, with a platform constructed to demonstrate the system performance. The experimental results validate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed algorithms and the HRC system.
With the development of industrial automation and artificial intelligence, robotic systems are developing into an essential part of factory production, and the human-robot collaboration (HRC) becomes a new trend in the industrial field. In our previous work, ten dynamic gestures have been designed for communication between a human worker and a robot in manufacturing scenarios, and a dynamic gesture recognition model based on Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) has been developed. Based on the model, this study aims to design and develop a new real-time HRC system based on multi-threading method and the CNN. This system enables the real-time interaction between a human worker and a robotic arm based on dynamic gestures. Firstly, a multi-threading architecture is constructed for high-speed operation and fast response while schedule more than one task at the same time. Next, A real-time dynamic gesture recognition algorithm is developed, where a human worker’s behavior and motion are continuously monitored and captured, and motion history images (MHIs) are generated in real-time. The generation of the MHIs and their identification using the classification model are synchronously accomplished. If a designated dynamic gesture is detected, it is immediately transmitted to the robotic arm to conduct a real-time response. Amore »
Given a linear dynamical system, we consider the problem of selecting (at design-time) an optimal set of sensors (subject to certain budget constraints) to minimize the trace of the steady state error covariance matrix of the Kalman filter. Previous work has shown that this problem is NP-hard for certain classes of systems and sensor costs; in this paper, we show that the problem remains NP-hard even for the special case where the system is stable and all sensor costs are identical. Furthermore, we show the stronger result that there is no constant-factor (polynomial-time) approximation algorithm for this problem. This contrasts with other classes of sensor selection problems studied in the literature, which typically pursue constant-factor approximations by leveraging greedy algorithms and submodularity of the cost function. Here, we provide a specific example showing that greedy algorithms can perform arbitrarily poorly for the problem of design-time sensor selection for Kalman filtering.
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