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This content will become publicly available on June 22, 2022

Title: Evaluating Coupling Models for Cloud Datacenters and Power Grids
The rapid growth of datacenter (DC) loads can be leveraged to help meet renewable portfolio standard (RPS, renewable fraction)targets in power grids. The ability to manipulate DC loads over time(shifting) provides a mechanism to deal with temporal mismatch between non-dispatchable renewable generation (e.g. wind and solar) and overall grid loads, and this flexibility ultimately facilitates the absorption of renewables and grid decarbonization. To this end, we study DC-grid coupling models, exploring their impact on grid dispatch, renewable absorption, power prices, and carbon emissions.With a detailed model of grid dispatch, generation, topology, and loads, we consider three coupling approaches: fixed, datacenter-local optimization (online dynamic programming), and grid-wide optimization (optimal power flow). Results show that understanding the effects of dynamic DC load management requires studies that model the dynamics of both load and power grid. Dynamic DC-grid coupling can produce large improvements: (1) reduce grid dispatch cost (-3%), (2) increase grid renewable fraction (+1.58%), and (3) reduce DC power cost (-16.9%).It also has negative effects: (1) increase cost for both DCs and non-DC customers, (2) differentially increase prices for non-DC customers, and (3) create large power-level changes that may harm DC productivity.
Authors:
; ;
Editors:
Ardakanian, Omid; Niesse, Astrid
Award ID(s):
1901466 1832230 1832208
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10253552
Journal Name:
InThe TwelfthACM International Conference on Future Energy Systems (e-Energy ’21),
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
171 to 184
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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