We verify a conjecture of Perelman, which states that there exists a canonical Ricci flow through singularities starting from an arbitrary compact Riemannian 3‑manifold. Our main result is a uniqueness theorem for such flows, which, together with an earlier existence theorem of Lott and the second named author, implies Perelman’s conjecture. We also show that this flow through singularities depends continuously on its initial condition and that it may be obtained as a limit of Ricci flows with surgery. Our results have applications to the study of diffeomorphism groups of 3‑manifolds—in particular to the generalized Smale conjecture—which will appear in a subsequent paper.
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Some local maximum principles along Ricci flows
Abstract In this work, we obtain a local maximum principle along the Ricci flow $g(t)$ under the condition that $\mathrm {Ric}(g(t))\le {\alpha } t^{1}$ for $t>0$ for some constant ${\alpha }>0$ . As an application, we will prove that under this condition, various kinds of curvatures will still be nonnegative for $t>0$ , provided they are nonnegative initially. These extend the corresponding known results for Ricci flows on compact manifolds or on complete noncompact manifolds with bounded curvature . By combining the above maximum principle with the Dirichlet heat kernel estimates, we also give a more direct proof of Hochard’s [15] localized version of a maximum principle by Bamler et al. [1] on the lower bound of different kinds of curvatures along the Ricci flows for $t>0$ .
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 Award ID(s):
 1709894
 NSFPAR ID:
 10258184
 Date Published:
 Journal Name:
 Canadian Journal of Mathematics
 ISSN:
 0008414X
 Page Range / eLocation ID:
 1 to 20
 Format(s):
 Medium: X
 Sponsoring Org:
 National Science Foundation
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