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Title: Full-sky, Arcminute-scale, 3D Models of Galactic Microwave Foreground Dust Emission Based on Filaments

We present theDustFilamentscode, a full-sky model for the millimeter Galactic emission of thermal dust. Our model, composed of millions of filaments that are imperfectly aligned with the magnetic field, is able to reproduce the main features of the dust angular power spectra at 353 GHz as measured by the Planck mission. Our model is made up of a population of filaments with sizes following a Pareto distributionLa2.445, with an axis ratio between short and long semiaxesϵ∼ 0.16 and an angle of magnetic field misalignment with a dispersion rms(θLH) = 10°. On large scales, our model follows a Planck-based template. On small scales, our model produces spectra that behave like power laws up to∼ 4000 or smaller scales by considering even smaller filaments, limited only by computing power. We can produce any number of Monte Carlo realizations of small-scale Galactic dust. Our model will allow tests of how the small-scale non-Gaussianity affects CMB weak lensing and the consequences for the measurement of primordial gravitational waves or relativistic light relic species. Our model also can generate frequency decorrelation on the modified blackbody spectrum of dust and is freely adjustable to different levels of decorrelation. This can be used more » to test the performance of component separation methods and the impact of frequency spectrum residuals on primordialB-mode surveys. The filament density we paint in the sky is also able to reproduce the general level of non-Gaussianities measured by Minkowski functionals in the Planck 353 GHz channel map.

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Publication Date:
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal
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Article No. 65
DOI PREFIX: 10.3847
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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