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Title: Effects of the thrust force induced by wind turbine rotors on the incoming wind field: A wind LiDAR experiment
Abstract A field experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of the thrust force induced by utility-scale wind turbines on the incoming wind field. Five wind profiling LiDARs and a scanning Doppler pulsed wind LiDAR were deployed in the proximity of a row of four wind turbines located over relatively flat terrain, both before and after the construction of the wind farm. The analysis of the LiDAR data collected during the pre-construction phase enables quantifying the wind map of the site, which is then leveraged to correct the post-construction LiDAR data and isolate rotor-induced effects on the incoming wind field. The analysis of the profiling LiDAR data allows for the identification of the induction zone upstream of the turbine rotors, with an increasing velocity deficit moving from the top tip towards the bottom tip of the rotor. The largest wind speed reduction (about 5%) is observed for convective conditions and incoming hub-height wind speed between cut-in and rated wind speeds. The scanning LiDAR data indicate the presence of speedup regions within the gaps between adjacent turbine rotors. Speedup increases with reducing the transverse distance between the rotors, atmospheric instability (maximum 15%), while a longer streamwise extent of the speedup region is observed under stable atmospheric conditions.  more » « less
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Journal of Physics: Conference Series
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Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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