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Title: Ionic Dopant‐Induced Ordering Enhances the Thermoelectric Properties of a Polythiophene‐Based Block Copolymer
Abstract

Conjugated polymer‐based block copolymers (CP‐BCPs) are an unexplored class of materials for organic thermoelectrics. Herein, the authors report on the electronic conductivity (σ) and Seebeck coefficient (α) of a newly synthesized CP‐BCP, poly(3‐hexylthiophene)‐block‐poly (oligo‐oxyethylene methacrylate) (P3HT‐b‐POEM), upon solution co‐processing with lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI), and subsequently vapor‐doping with a molecular dopant, 2,3,5,6‐tetrafluoro‐7,7,8,8‐tetracyanoquinodimethane (F4TCNQ). It is found that the addition of the hydrophilic block POEM greatly enhances the processability of P3HT, enabling homogeneous solution‐mixing with LiTFSI. Notably, interactions between P3HT‐b‐POEM with ionic species significantly improve molecular order and unexpectedly cause electrical oxidizing doping of P3HT block both in solution and solid‐states, a phenomenon that has not been previously observed in Li‐salt containing P3HT. Vapor doping of P3HT‐b‐POEM‐LiTFSI thin films with F4TCNQ further enhances σ and yields a thermoelectric power factorPF=α2σ of 13.0 µW m−1 K−2, which is more than 20 times higher than salt‐free P3HT‐b‐POEM sample. Through modeling thermoelectric behaviors of P3HT‐b‐POEM with the Kang‐Snyder transport model, the improvement inPFis attributed to higher electronic charge mobility originating from the enhanced molecular ordering of P3HT. The results demonstrate that solution co‐processing CP‐BCPs with a salt is a powerful method to control structure and performance of organic thermoelectric materials.

 
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Award ID(s):
1719875 2011854 1922259
NSF-PAR ID:
10447444
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Volume:
31
Issue:
51
ISSN:
1616-301X
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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