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  1. The B-spline R-matrix method has been used to investigate cross-sections for photoionization of neutral scandium from the ground and excited states in the energy region from the 3d and 4s valence electron ionization thresholds to 25 eV. The initial bound states of Sc and the final residual Sc+ ionic states have been accurately calculated by combining the multiconfiguration Hartree-Fock method with the frozen-core close-coupling approach. The lowest 20 bound states of Sc I belonging to the ground 3d4s2 and excited 3d24s, 3d24p, 3d4s4p, 4s24p, and 3d3 configurations have been considered as initial states. The 81 LS final ionic states of Sc+ belonging to the terms of 3p63d2, 3p63d4l (l = 0–3), 3p63d5l (l = 0–3), 3p63d6s, 3p64s2, 3p64s4l (l = 0–3), 3p64s5l (l = 0–1), and 3p64p2 configurations have been included in the final-state close-coupling expansion. The cross-sections are dominated by complicated resonance structures in the low energy region converging to several Sc+ ionic thresholds. The inclusion of all these final ionic states has been noted to significantly impact the near-threshold resonance structures and background cross-sections. The important scattering channels for leaving the residual ion in various final states have been identified, and the 3d electron ionization channels have beenmore »noted to dominate the cross-sections at higher photon energies.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2022
  2. The Dirac B-spline R-matrix (DBSR) method is employed to treat low-energy electron collisions with thallium atoms. Special emphasis is placed on spin polarization phenomena that are investigated through calculations of the differential cross-section and the spin asymmetry function. Overall, good agreement between the present calculations and the available experimental measurements is found. The contributions of electron exchange to the spin asymmetry cannot be ignored at low impact energies, while the spin–orbit interaction plays an increasingly significant role as the impact energy rises.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2022
  3. Cross sections for electron scattering from atomic and molecular iodine are calculated based on the R-matrix (close-coupling) method. Elastic and electronic excitation cross sections are presented for both I and I2. The dissociative electron attachment and vibrational excitation cross sections of the iodine molecule are obtained using the local complex potential approximation. Ionization cross sections are also computed for I2 using the BEB model.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2022
  4. We have applied the full-relativistic Dirac B-Spline R-matrix method to obtain cross sections for electron scattering from ytterbium atoms. The results are compared with those obtained from a semi-relativistic (Breit-Pauli) model-potential approach and the few available experimental data.
  5. Benchmark intensity ratio measurements of the energy loss lines of krypton for excitation of the 4p61S0→4p55s[3/2]2, 4p55s[3/2]1, 4p55s′[1/2]0, and 4p55s′[1/2]1 transitions are reported, these being the lowest electronic excitations for krypton. The importance of these ratios as stringent tests of theoretical electron scattering models for the noble gases is discussed, as well as the role of spin-exchange and direct processes regarding the angular dependence of these ratios. The experimental data are compared with predictions from fully-relativistic B-spline R-matrix (close-coupling) calculations.
  6. Partial and total photoionization cross sections of iron-peak elements are important for the determination of abundances in late-type stars and nebular objects. We have investigated photoionization of neutral chromium from the ground and excited states in the low energy region from the first ionization threshold at 6.77 eV to 30 eV. Accurate descriptions of the initial bound states of Cr I and the final residual Cr II ionic states have been obtained in the multiconfiguration Hartree-Fock method together with adjustable configuration expansions and term-dependent non-orthogonal orbitals. The B-spline R-matrix method has been used for the calculation of photoionization cross sections. The 194 LS final ionic states of Cr II 3d44s, 3d34s2, 3d5, 3d44p, and 3d34s4p principal configurations have been included in the close-coupling expansion. The inclusion of all terms of these configurations has significant impact on the near-threshold resonance structures as well as on the nonresonant background cross sections. Total photoionization cross sections from the ground 3d54sa7S and excited 3d54sa5S, 3d44s2a5D, 3d54pz5P, and 3d44s4py5P states of Cr I have been compared with other available R-matrix calculation to estimate the likely uncertainties in photoionization cross sections. We analyzed the partial photoionization cross sections for leaving the residual ion in various statesmore »to identify the important scattering channels, and noted that 3d electron ionization channel becomes dominant at higher energies.« less