Gradually typed programming languages permit the incremental addition of static types to untyped programs. To remain sound, languages insert run-time checks at the boundaries between typed and untyped code. Unfortunately, performance studies have shown that the overhead of these checks can be disastrously high, calling into question the viability of sound gradual typing. In this paper, we show that by building on existing work on soft contract verification, we can reduce or eliminate this overhead. Our key insight is that while untyped code cannot be trusted by a gradual type system, there is no need to consider only the worst case when optimizing a gradually typed program. Instead, we statically analyze the untyped portions of a gradually typed program to prove that almost all of the dynamic checks implied by gradual type boundaries cannot fail, and can be eliminated at compile time. Our analysis is modular, and can be applied to any portion of a program. We evaluate this approach on a dozen existing gradually typed programs previously shown to have prohibitive performance overhead—with a median overhead of 2.5× and up to 80.6× in the worst case—and eliminate all overhead in most cases, suffering only 1.5× overhead in the worstmore »
Time-sliced quantum circuit partitioning for modular architectures
Current quantum computer designs will not scale. To scale beyond small prototypes, quantum architectures will likely adopt a modular approach with clusters of tightly connected quantum bits and sparser connections between clusters. We exploit this clustering and the statically-known control flow of quantum programs to create tractable partitioning heuristics which map quantum circuits to modular physical machines one time slice at a time. Specifically, we create optimized mappings for each time slice, accounting for the cost to move data from the previous time slice and using a tunable lookahead scheme to reduce the cost to move to future time slices. We compare our approach to a traditional statically-mapped, owner-computes model. Our results show strict improvement over the static mapping baseline. We reduce the non-local communication overhead by 89.8% in the best case and by 60.9% on average. Our techniques, unlike many exact solver methods, are computationally tractable.
- Award ID(s):
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- CF '20: Proceedings of the 17th ACM International Conference on Computing Frontiers
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- 98 to 107
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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